参議院全国区選挙と利益団体:日本遺族会の事例分析  [in Japanese] The House of Councilors Election in a Nation-Wide Constituency and Interest Groups:The Case of the Nihon Izokukai (the Association for War Bereaved Families)  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

参議院全国区選挙は,利益団体が代表者を送り込むべく競争した場であったことは広く知られている。この全国区選挙ではいくつかの利益団体が脱落していくが,本稿で取り上げる日本遺族会は議席を確保し続けることができた。本稿では遺族会が勝ち残った理由,とりわけ戦没者遺族が年々減少する中で,なぜそれが可能だったのかを考察した。遺族会が勝ち残ることができた最大の要因は,遺族会が公務扶助料受給者の期待を集め,それに応えたからである。特に1960年代以降,戦没者の妻が遺族会の集票のために熱心に活動した。妻には遺児を育てあげる責任があり,子育てが終わった後は物価上昇の中で高齢化し,生活に不安を抱えていたためである。第二は遺族会が,戦没者の兄弟や子も取り込んだことである。彼らに年金の受給権はなかったが,慰霊活動やそれにかかわる 「利益」が,遺族会と彼らを結び付けたのである。

Interest groups tended to send their representatives to a nation-wide constituency to contest elections. While some groups retreated from this constituency, the elected representatives of the Izokukai continued to retain their seats despite a decrease in the number of bereaved families every year. This paper discusses why the Izokukai was able to survive under such tough conditions. It concludes by identifying the following two reasons. The more important reason is that the Izokukai raised the expectations of war windows on war pensions by the outstanding performance. In particular, from the 1960's windows actively collected votes on behalf of the Izokukai because they were responsible for bringing up their children after their husbands died, and once their children had grown up, they found themselves aging and commodity prices rising. The second reason is that the Izokukai involved the siblings of the war dead in their activities. Though the siblings were ineligible to receive a war pension, mourning events and other relevant 'interests' linked their attentions to the Izokukai.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Electoral Studies

    Japanese Journal of Electoral Studies 25(2), 67-82, 2010

    Japanese Association of Electoral Studies

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005520030
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10035687
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    特集
  • ISSN
    0912-3512
  • NDL Article ID
    10581734
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZA11(政治・法律・行政--法律・法律学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z2-887
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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