総合大学における省察的芸術表現教育実践:美術創作への態度や鑑賞過程に及ぼす効果に着目して  [in Japanese] An Undergraduate Drawing Course with Reflective Practice:The Effects on Attitude toward Artistic Creation and Art Appreciation Processes  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究は,日々ドローイングを制作し,それについて省察する授業実践が,専門的な美術教育を受けていない総合大学の学生に及ぼす教育効果を検討した。省察的授業実践は,創造や表現プロセスについての理解や自己表現の探索を深めることが予想される。こうした観点から,表現への苦手意識や表現の自覚性,他者や経験への開放性(他者の評価やアドバイスから自己表現の問題点や改善点を認識し,新たに表現主題や方法を探索する傾向)といった,表現への態度について授業前後のアンケートによって検討した。また,他者や経験への開放性に関連する指標の一つとして,他者作品鑑賞時の視線の動きも測定した。その結果,授業前後で学生の表現への苦手意識が緩和され,表現の自覚性が促進された。一方,鑑賞過程の視線の動きには授業前後で有意な変化は見られなかったものの,具象的な絵画に対する視線の変化が推察された。

This study examines the educational effects of a one-semester drawing course for undergraduates without professional art education, in which students make drawings every day and reflect on them under the guidance of an artist. The course was expected to deepen understanding of the creation process and exploration of personal creation. Eighteen undergraduates participated in the course. Questionnaire surveys were administered before and after the course to measure changes in student attitude to creation, such as expressive awareness, openness to others and experiences, and low confidence to create. In addition, experiments in which student eye movements were tracked during the act of appreciating paintings were conducted before and after the course to examine the educational effects on visual processing. The results suggest that the course raised student confidence to create and heightened their expressive awareness. On the other hand, their eye movements during appreciation did not change significantly; however, among students whose expressive awareness was enhanced, eye-movement data and interview results suggest that their visual scanning of descriptive paintings become globally. The present study implies that reflective practice can promote expressive awareness and perhaps change visual processing during art appreciation.

Journal

  • Studies in Art Education

    Studies in Art Education 48(1), 49-56, 2016

    University Art Education Society of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005529169
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12831535
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    2433-2038
  • NDL Article ID
    029701513
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1788
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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