Organochlorine pesticide contamination of foods in Africa: incidence and public health significance

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著者

    • THOMPSON Lesa A.
    • Laboratory of Toxicology, Department of Environmental Veterinary Sciences, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0818, Japan
    • DARWISH Wageh Sobhy
    • Laboratory of Toxicology, Department of Environmental Veterinary Sciences, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0818, Japan|Food Control Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, 44510, Egypt
    • IKENAKA Yoshinori
    • Laboratory of Toxicology, Department of Environmental Veterinary Sciences, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0818, Japan|Water Research Group, Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
    • NAKAYAMA Shouta M. M.
    • Laboratory of Toxicology, Department of Environmental Veterinary Sciences, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0818, Japan
    • MIZUKAWA Hazuki
    • Laboratory of Toxicology, Department of Environmental Veterinary Sciences, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0818, Japan
    • ISHIZUKA Mayumi
    • Laboratory of Toxicology, Department of Environmental Veterinary Sciences, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0818, Japan

抄録

<p>Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) have been used worldwide, particularly in Africa, for several decades. Although many are banned, several African countries still use OCPs especially for the prevention and control of malaria. OCPs are characterized by their bio-accumulation in the environment, especially in the food chain, where they find their way into the human body. Despite no clear epidemiological studies confirming hazardous effects of these chemicals on human health, many studies have reported positive associations between the use of OCPs and neurological and reproductive disorders, and cancer risk. There is a clear gap in published reports on OCPs in Africa and their potential health hazards. Thus, the aim of this review is to summarize the incidence of OCP contamination in various foods in Africa, to demonstrate the potential transmission of these chemicals to people and to discuss their possible health hazards.</p>

収録刊行物

  • The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science

    The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 79(4), 751-764, 2017

    公益社団法人 日本獣医学会

キーワード

各種コード

  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    130005568160
  • 本文言語コード
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0916-7250
  • データ提供元
    J-STAGE 
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