高齢期の視覚聴覚二重障害者 (盲ろう者) の障害程度とコミュニケーション状況に関する全国実態調査  [in Japanese] National Survey of Impairment Level and Communication Status with Dual Sensory Loss in Later Adulthood  [in Japanese]

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<p>要旨: 全国97自治体の協力を得て実施した実態調査により得た高齢期の盲ろう者2,018名のデータをもとに, 障害やコミュニケーションの状況について検討した。<br> その結果, 高齢期の盲ろう者は, 視覚・聴覚いずれも後天的に受障した者が74.6%を占め, 聴覚活用が可能な弱視難聴は46.1%, 全盲難聴は25.6%, 聴覚活用が困難な全盲ろうは10.3%, 弱視ろうは8.9%であった。 補聴器の受給は46.4%に止まり, 難聴で補聴器を受給している者であっても初対面者の発話が理解可能なものは半数に過ぎなかった。 さらに, 全盲ろう者では, 会話頻度が月2日以下の社会的な孤立状況にある者が32.4%を占めていた。<br> 盲ろう者に関わる各種専門職が連携して, 障害の程度や受障の経緯に応じ, 補聴や聴覚活用, 代替的コミュニケーション・モードやリハビリテーションに関する情報提供とともに, 専門的支援の体制化が必要であることが示唆された。</p>

<p> This study on impairment and communication status based on the data of 2,018 deaf-blind older adults from a national survey carried out with the cooperation of 97 local governments in Japan revealed the following.<br> Deaf-blind older adults accounted for 74.6% of people with acquired visual and hearing impairments (visually and hearing impaired, 46.1%; blind and hearing impaired, 25.6%; totally deaf-blind, 10.3%; deaf and visually impaired, 8.9%). Moreover, the proportion of hearing-aid recipients remained at 46.4%, of whom only half were able to understand the speech of a person whom they met for the first time, even with the assistance of hearing aids. Experts who take care of deaf-blind adults need to collaborate to provide information regarding hearing aids and active hearing use.<br> Furthermore, 32.4% of totally deaf-blind adults experienced social isolation, with a conversation frequency of 2 days or less a month. This suggests that systematic expert support should be provided immediately after medical examination of for persons with dual impairment, including information regarding alternative communication modes and rehabilitation.</p>

Journal

  • AUDIOLOGY JAPAN

    AUDIOLOGY JAPAN 59(6), 632-643, 2016

    Japan Audiological Society

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