日本語学習者音声研究の課題  [in Japanese] Challenges in the Study of Japanese Learners' Speech  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

<p> 日本語教育における音声研究の課題のひとつに,学習者が生成する日本語音声に生じる外国語なまりの研究がある。この現象をきちんと研究するためには,大規模な学習者音声データベースが有効であり必須でもある。その理由としては,過去の対照言語学的研究が音韻論に基づくトップダウン分析が音声変異の研究には無力であることを示していることにくわえ,母語の音声認識の研究がボトムダウンに構成される音響モデルの有効性を示していることがあげられる。本稿の後半では,日本語学習者データベースの仕様,構築手法,解析上の可能性について筆者自身のコーパス構築経験に基づく見解を述べた。最後にコーパスに基づく日本語教育研究において学会が果たすべき役割についても意見を述べた。</p>

<p>The study of foreign accent observed in the speech generated by learners of Japanese is one of the most important challenges in the phonetic study of the teaching of Japanese as a second language. The current author believes that a large-scale database of learners' speech is indispensable for the full-fledged scientific study of foreign accent phenomena. The main reason for this belief stems from the failure of past studies of contrastive phonology, which revealed the sterility of rule-based, top-down analysis in this field. In addition to this, recent progress in automatic speech recognition of mother-tongue speech convincingly demonstrates the effectiveness of a statistical, bottom-up approach as represented by the corpus-based construction of acoustic models. In the last half of the paper, issues regarding the corpus design, construction, and analysis are discussed based upon the author's personal experiences in corpus compilation. The paper ends with the clarification of the role that should be played by the Society for Teaching Japanese as a Foreign Language in the infrastructure development for the corpus-based analysis of the teaching of Japanese as a foreign language.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Japanese Language Teaching

    Journal of Japanese Language Teaching 142(0), 4-13, 2009

    The Society for Teaching Japanese as a Foreign Language

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005612163
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN0018947X
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    特集
  • ISSN
    0389-4037
  • NDL Article ID
    10397189
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZK22(言語・文学--日本語・日本文学)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z13-445
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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