大学新入生の自己高揚的自己呈示が友人関係の形成と自尊心に及ぼす影響―APIMを用いたペア縦断データの分析―  [in Japanese] Self-enhancing self-presentations on the development of friendships and self-esteem: An Actor Partner Interdependence Model analysis for longitudinal and dyadic data of freshmen  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本研究では,大学新入生の友人に対する自己高揚的自己呈示が,その後の友人からの評価,関係満足感,及び自尊心に与える影響を検討した。調査参加者は4度の縦断的調査(4月,5月,6月,7月)に同性の友人とペアとなり,質問紙への回答を行った。232名(116組,男性134名,女性98名)を分析対象者とした。Actor-Partner Interdependence Model(APIM)を用いて,5月に友人に対して自己高揚的自己呈示を行うことが,6月の相手からの実際の評価やその評価の推測を介して,7月の関係満足感や自尊心に与える影響を検討した。分析の結果,友人に対して有能さと親しみやすさの自己呈示を行っているほど,友人からポジティブな評価を得ていると認知し,関係満足感および自尊心が高いというActor効果がみられた。また,親しみやすさの自己呈示を行っているほど,実際に友人からポジティブな評価を得ており,その後の友人の関係満足感も高いというPartner効果もみられた。つまり,親しみやすさの自己呈示は,自己呈示を行った本人と友人の双方の関係満足感の高さに影響していた。大学新入生が友人に対して自己高揚的自己呈示を行うことの有益さについて議論を行った。</p>

<p>This study examined the effects over time of freshmen's self-enhancing self-presentation toward their friends on evaluation from friends, and their mutual relational satisfaction and self-esteem. A total of 232 freshmen (116 pairs, 134 males and 98 females) participated in a longitudinal study in which they completed a questionnaire four times (April, May, June, and July, given that the new school year begins in April). Participants were required to pair up with a same-sex friend, and respond to the questionnaire about themselves and their friend. Using the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model, results revealed that the more "competent" and "likeable" participants presented themselves toward their friends in May, the higher their relational satisfaction with their friends and self-esteem in July. Perceived evaluation from friends in June positively mediated the influence of self-presentation in May on relational satisfaction, and self-esteem in July. In addition, when they engaged in self-presentation as a likeable person in May, their friends actually evaluated them as likeable in June, which led to higher perception of the friends' relational satisfaction in July. The results were discussed in terms of the beneficial consequences of freshmen's self-enhancing self-presentation toward friends.</p>

Journal

  • THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

    THE JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 56(2), 175-186, 2017

    The Japanese Group Dynamics Association

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005628094
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00104794
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-7973
  • NDL Article ID
    028116058
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-716
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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