MICROCRACKS DESIGN AND BONE INDUCTION OF SKULL BONE MODIFIED BY ULTRASONIC TREATMENT USING ACIDIC ELECTROLYZED WATER
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Healthy bone has many physiological microcracks, which may be involved in the release of bone matrix-derived factors and act to accelerate bone-remodeling process. In this study, the mouse parietal bone fragments (5x5x1mm<SUP>3</SUP>) were demineralized by acidic electrolyzed water (AEW: pH2.7) or distilled water (DW: pH5.2) at 120W and 38KHz for 20 min. Each bone was implanted into subcutaneous tissue of 10 week-old male nude mouse, and explanted at 4 and 6 weeks. AEW-bone showed clear enlargement and union of cracks on SEM. AEW-bone revealed active bone induction over wide areas at 6 weeks, while DW-bone induced new bone in limited area. We concluded that the AEW-bone had better performance in bone induction than the DW-bone. Our micro-damage technique combined with AEW and the ultrasonic irradiation will contribute to improve surface area and 3D structure of the dense bone and promote bone formation in the initial stage for bone remodeling.
- Phosphorus Research Bulletin
Phosphorus Research Bulletin 33(0), 1-6, 2017
Japanese Association of Inorganic Phosphorus Chemistry