政府への財政的依存と市民社会のアドボカシー:―政府の自立性と逆U字型関係に着目した新しい理論枠組み―  [in Japanese] New Perspectives on the Relationship between Public Funding and Advocacy: The Influence of the Level of Governments' Independence from Civil Society and the Nonlinear Impact on Advocacy  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本稿は,補助金や委託事業収入などの政府からの公的資金収入に財政面で依存することが市民社会組織によるアドボカシーにいかなる影響を及ぼすのかについて,日本の事例を題材に検討を加える.本稿では,「市民社会組織に対する政府の自立性の程度」と「政府への財政的依存がアドボカシーに与える非線形的影響」という2点に着目することにより,新しい理論枠組みを提起したい.独立行政法人経済産業研究所の「平成26年度日本におけるサードセクターの経営実態に関する調査」のデータを用いた定量的分析の結果,1)政府の自立性の高低によって政府への財政的依存がアドボカシーに与える影響の方向性は異なること,2)政府への財政的依存は,ある一定レベルまではアドボカシーに好影響を与えるが,一定レベルを超えると逆にアドボカシーに悪影響を与えるようになる,という逆U字型の影響をアドボカシーに与えること,が明らかとなる.</p>

<p>This paper examines the relationship between public funding and advocacy by civil society organizations. Previous studies have discussed the consequences of dependence on public funding and its impact on advocacy. Using resource-dependence theory, some studies argue that public funding has a negative impact on advocacy. However, others find a positive impact, drawing on partnership theory. There is no strong empirical finding that supports either theory. Therefore, the debate has not yet been settled. This study provides two new perspectives on the argument. First, the level of the independence of the government from civil society determines the consequence, because it determines the reaction of governments to advocacy. If independence is high, governments can take sanctions against advocacy, so the resource-dependence theory is valid. If the level is low, governments cannot take sanctions and are willing to compromise with civil society organizations; therefore the partnership theory is valid. Second, public funding has a nonlinear impact on advocacy. Previous research focused only on its linear impact and whether this was a positive or negative impact. However, this research shows that the effect of public funding is nonlinear and fits an inverted U-shaped model. Findings from the multivariate analyses of the Japanese Third Sector Survey 2014 support these two perspectives.</p>

Journal

  • The Nonprofit Review

    The Nonprofit Review 17(1), 23-37, 2017

    JAPAN NPO RESEARCH ASSOCIATION

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005709889
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1346-4116
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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