<b>物語文理解における聴覚障害児の推論生成に関する研究 </b>:<b>— 推論の包括的な枠組みに基づく推論生成レベルの検討 </b><b>— </b>  [in Japanese] <b>Inference Generation in the Story Reading of Childr</b><b>en with Hearing Impairments </b>  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本研究は、物語文理解における聴覚障害児の推論生成の特徴を明らかにするため、聴覚障害児2 年、4 年、6 年の計36名を対象に、Graesser, Singer, and Trabasso(1994)による推論の包括的な枠組みに基づいて推論生成レベルの検討を行った。その結果、聴覚障害児は因果関係に基づく推論を行う傾向が示され、とりわけ文脈的制約がある場合の推論や局所的推論の生成の高さが示唆された。包括的推論と精緻化推論に属す各推論においては、情報の選択と統合の必要性や関連情報の重要度により同タイプ内で生成レベルが異なることが示唆された。推論生成の発達的変化に関して統計的な差は示されなかったが、推論生成の質的側面の発達的変化が推察され、登場人物の感情に関わる推論に関しては学年間の情報利用の違いが推察された。</p>

<p>This study investigates inference generation in story reading based on the comprehensive inference framework of Graesser, Singer, and Trabasso (1994) of children with hearing impairments. The participants were 36 children with hearing impairments from the 2<sup>nd</sup>, 4<sup>th</sup> and 6<sup>th</sup> grades. Three types of story were read by these participants and they were asked 11 questions corresponding with 11 types of inference. As a result, the tendency that children with hearing impairments performed inference based on causation was shown, and especially a high rate of local inference generation in contexts with constraints was suggested. As for the global and elaborative inference generation, they were different in sub-inference types according to the necessity of selection and integration of relevant information and also the importance of related information. Although no statistical difference was found in the developmental tendency of inference generation, qualitative change in inference development was suggested, and in the inference of feeling of the characters of the story, the use of information would be different in students of different school grades.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Disability Sciences

    Japanese Journal of Disability Sciences 40(1), 50-67, 2016

    Association of Disability Sciences, Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130005815325
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12215065
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    1881-5812
  • NDL Article ID
    027333443
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1307
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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