マレーシアにおけるメディア統制と与党UMNOの起源:――脱植民地期のマレー語ジャーナリズムと政治権力―― [in Japanese] The Origins of Media Control and the United Malays National Organization (UMNO) in Malaysia::Malay Journalism and Political Power in the Decolonization Era [in Japanese]
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This paper explores the relationship between journalism and political power in Malaya during the decolonization era, focusing in particular on the journalists and their networks of the Jawi-script Malay daily <i>Utusan Melayu</i> before the 1961 strike.<br> <i>Utusan Melayu</i> was launched in 1939 by the Singapore Malay Union to support the Malay community. Under the editorship of the two prominent journalists Abdul Samad Ismail and Yusof Ishak, <i>Utusan Melayu</i> mobilized the Malay people toward the independence movement. <i>Utusan Melayu</i> played a catalytic role in the establishment of the United Malays National Organization (UMNO) and allied with UMNO to fight against the British. This strategy on the part of the daily made a significant impact on the independence movement and at the same time gave the newspaper an exceptionally high reputation among the Malay public. However, after Malaya gained independence from the British, <i>Utusan Melayu</i> found itself confronted by UMNO. The confrontation culminated in UMNOʼs takeover of <i>Utusan Melayu</i> and later in the loss of the latterʼs editorial autonomy. The loss of the dailyʼs editorial autonomy had a significant impact on the relationship between the media and political power after 1961.<br> The main question of this paper is why and how <i>Utusan Melayu</i> lost its editorial autonomy. To answer the question, this paper uses the memoirs and biographies of journalists as well as commemorative publications of the newspaper.
- Japanese Journal of Southeast Asian Studies
Japanese Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 55(1), 39-70, 2017
Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University