POEM (Per-Oral Endoscopic Myotomy) を施行した食道アカラシアの1例  [in Japanese] Achalasia treated with per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM)  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

 Esophageal achalasia is a disorder of the lower esophageal sphincter muscle. Patients present with dysphagia, chest pain, vomiting, and aspiration. Esophageal achalasia had traditionally been treated with esophageal achalasia balloon dilatation and the Heller-Dor method, but in recent years, the use of per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has increased. Our patient, a 39-yr-old male, began experiencing dysphagia 4 years prior to his referral to our hospital. Based on the results of esophagogastroduodenoscopy, esophageal radiography and high-resolution manometry, we made the diagnosis of esophageal achalasia (Chicago classification type I) . After informed consent from the patient and his family and approval from our hospital's ethics committee were obtained, we performed a POEM. The patient was discharged on the 4th day post-surgery. At the 1-year post-operative examination, no worsening of symptoms and no relapse were observed. POEM is an excellent treatment method for esophageal achalasia from the perspective of therapeutic effect and prevention of invasion. We recommend that it be considered as the first-choice treatment for achalasia. However, accessibility to the procedure itself is limited due to the few adequately trained operators worldwide. POEM should thus be performed by an expert operator at a high-volume center.

 Esophageal achalasia is a disorder of the lower esophageal sphincter muscle. Patients present with dysphagia, chest pain, vomiting, and aspiration. Esophageal achalasia had traditionally been treated with esophageal achalasia balloon dilatation and the Heller-Dor method, but in recent years, the use of per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has increased. Our patient, a 39-yr-old male, began experiencing dysphagia 4 years prior to his referral to our hospital. Based on the results of esophagogastroduodenoscopy, esophageal radiography and high-resolution manometry, we made the diagnosis of esophageal achalasia (Chicago classification type I) . After informed consent from the patient and his family and approval from our hospital's ethics committee were obtained, we performed a POEM. The patient was discharged on the 4th day post-surgery. At the 1-year post-operative examination, no worsening of symptoms and no relapse were observed. POEM is an excellent treatment method for esophageal achalasia from the perspective of therapeutic effect and prevention of invasion. We recommend that it be considered as the first-choice treatment for achalasia. However, accessibility to the procedure itself is limited due to the few adequately trained operators worldwide. POEM should thus be performed by an expert operator at a high-volume center.

Journal

  • Okayama Igakkai Zasshi (Journal of Okayama Medical Association)

    Okayama Igakkai Zasshi (Journal of Okayama Medical Association) 129(2), 115-121, 2017

    Okayama Medical Association

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006039377
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00032489
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    0030-1558
  • NDL Article ID
    028479666
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-269
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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