Epidemiology and psychological factors of whiplash associated disorders in Japanese population

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Author(s)

    • Oka Hiroyuki
    • Department of Medical Research and Management for Musculoskeletal Pain, 22nd Century Medical & Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo: 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan
    • Matsudaira Ko
    • Department of Medical Research and Management for Musculoskeletal Pain, 22nd Century Medical & Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo: 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan
    • Fujii Tomoko
    • Department of Medical Research and Management for Musculoskeletal Pain, 22nd Century Medical & Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo: 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan|Japan Labour, Health and Welfare Organization, Kanto Rosai Hospital, Japan
    • Tanaka Sakae
    • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The University of Tokyo, Japan
    • Kitagawa Tomoaki
    • Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Japan

Abstract

<p>[Purpose] This study was designed to examine the epidemiological background of Whiplash-associated disorders in Japanese adults and to investigate the psychological factors associated with prolonged treatment for Whiplash-associated disorders. [Subjects and Methods] An online survey was completed by 127,956 participants, of whom 4,164 had been involved in a traffic collision. A random sample of the collision participants (n=1,698) were provided with a secondary questionnaire. From the 974 (57.4%) participants who returned the questionnaire, 183 cases (intractable neck pain treated over a period of 6 months) and 333 controls (minor neck pain treated within 3 months) were selected. Among the control group, the psychological factors associated with prolonged treatment for Whiplash-associated disorders were investigated. [Results] Among the 4,164 collision participants, 1,571 (37.7%) had experienced Whiplash-associated disorders. The prevalence in the general population was 1.2% (1.3% in male and 1.0% in female). Significant differences were observed between the cases and controls for all psychological factors, although both groups had similar distributions of age and gender. [Conclusion] Poor psychological factors were associated with prolonged treatment for whiplash-associated disorders in Japanese adults. These psychological factors should be considered during the treatment of whiplash-associated disorders.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Physical Therapy Science

    Journal of Physical Therapy Science 29(9), 1510-1513, 2017

    The Society of Physical Therapy Science

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006078015
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0915-5287
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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