どこが宗教を所管するのか:宗教学校所轄問題から宗教行政所管論への展開  [in Japanese] Who should Have Jurisdiction over Religions?:The Historical Evolution of the Issue from the Question of Jurisdiction over Religious Schools to the Debate over the Administration of Religions  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

<p>現代日本において宗務課は、なぜ文化庁の、ひいては文部科学省の組織管轄下に位置づけられているのか。その端緒を明らかにすべく、本稿では文部科学省の前身である文部省が、いつ、どのような状況の中で宗教行政所管のための理論構築を行っていったのかを明らかにしている。最初に焦点をあてたのは明治一〇年代である。まずは、この時期に生じた文部省・内務省間の宗教学校所轄問題が、太政大臣の政治判断によって一応の決着をみたことを論じた。次は、社会・外交状況の変化でその所轄問題が再燃する明治二〇年代に着眼している。そこでは、文部省が内務省とは別に所轄問題の解決を模索した結果、宗教学校のみならず宗教行政をも所管しようとする理論を構築していたことを指摘した。そして最後に、新しく構築された宗教行政所管論の特徴について論じている。この所管論においては、従来の内務省のように社寺行政の延長で宗教行政を捉えるのではなく、美術行政と学校・教育行政の枠組でそれを捉え直し、宗教行政の文部省所管が主張されていたことを明らかにした。</p>

<p>Why, in the contemporary Japanese governmental structure, is the Religious Affairs Division located within the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology? To answer this question the present article explores the historical development of the arguments used by the Ministry of Education to justify it exercising jurisdiction over religions.</p><p>The article first examines developments in the second decade of the Meiji era, when conflict arose between the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Ministry of Education regarding jurisdiction over religious schools. This dispute was resolved provisionally through a political decision by the chief government minister, the Daijōdaijin. The article next focuses on the third decade of the Meiji era, when the issue came up again in the midst of social and diplomatic change. At this time the Ministry of Education developed arguments in support of it exercising jurisdiction over not only religious schools but also religious organizations.</p><p>The final section of the article examines more closely the distinctive features of the Ministry of Education's arguments. In contrast to the Ministry of Home Affairs, which saw the administration of religious matters as an extension of the administration of temples and shrines, the Ministry of Education argued that religious matters should fall within the same category as the administration of matters concerning art, schools, and education.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of religious studies

    Journal of religious studies 90(3), 1-26, 2016

    Japanese Association for Religious Studies

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006079227
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00406454
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-3293
  • NDL Article ID
    027756473
  • NDL Call No.
    Z9-184
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
Page Top