中学生におけるローゼンバーグ自尊感情尺度の2側面:—「肯定的自己像の受容」と「否定的自己像の拒否」—  [in Japanese] Two Dimensions of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale in Junior High School Students ::Approving Positive Self-Image and Denying Negative Self-Image  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究の目的は, 自尊感情尺度(Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale; RSES)において, 逆転項目に対する否定的反応(Negative Self-Esteem; NSE)と順項目に対する肯定的反応(Positive Self-Esteem; PSE)がそれぞれ異なる心理的側面を持つことを提案することである。研究Iでは, 様々なサンプルの計5つのデータセットを分析した。確認的因子分析の結果, RSESにPSEとNSEの存在が示唆された。研究IIでは, 中学生に調査を行い, 因子構造の検証とそれらの弁別性について検討した。中学生においてもPSEとNSEの構造が支持され, NSEはPSEよりもストレス反応と強い負の相関関係にあった。つまり, RSESの否定的な項目に対して否定的な回答をするほどストレス反応が低い傾向にあった。研究IIIでは, 中学生を対象にして, RSES2因子の弁別性の基準として攻撃性尺度を検討した。その結果, NSEがPSEよりも敵意と強い負の相関関係にあった。これらの結果は, RSESに「肯定的自己像の受容」と「否定的自己像の拒否」の存在を認めるものであり, この解釈と可能性について議論した。

  The present research tested the hypothesis that the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) has 2 psychological dimensions: Negative Self-Esteem (NSE), which is measured by how much participants disagree with reversed items, and Positive Self-Esteem (PSE), which is measured by how much participants agree with non-reversed items.  In Study 1, a factor analysis was conducted on 5 independent data sets from people in different age groups, ranging from university students to people in their seventies.  The results supported the hypothesis that the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale may have 2 factors.  In Study 2, students from 2 junior high schools completed the survey; the results validated the 2-factor structure of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale.  The results of Study 2 also indicated that psychological stress was negatively correlated with the Negative Self-Esteem factor, i.e., the more strongly the students disagreed with the reversed items, the less psychological stress they reported.  In Study 3, junior high school students completed the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire; the results indicated that hostility was more negatively correlated to Negative Self-Esteem than to Positive Self-Esteem.  These results support the hypothesis that the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale has 2 dimensions, which could be called Approving Positive Self-Image and Denying Negative Self-Image.

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology

    The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology 65(2), 183-196, 2017

    The Japanese Association of Educational Psychology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006106610
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00345837
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0021-5015
  • NDL Article ID
    028567182
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-182
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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