<b>知的障害教育における生活経験としての「遊び」の指導の展開 </b>  [in Japanese] <b>Development of Teaching Playing as Life Experience in Education for Children </b><b>with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities </b>  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>知的障害特別支援学校の教科等(領域 ・教科) を合わせた指導の一形態として「遊びの指導」がある。本研究では、知的障害特別支援学校2 校の1970年代から1990年代までの遊びの指導に関する実践を整理し、「遊びの指導」が領域・教科を合わせた指導の一形態として取り入れられた理由を考察した。遊びが指導として取り入れた背景には、2 校に共通して児童の障害の重度・重複化があった。また、両校とも「遊びの指導」が学習指導要領に取り上げられるよりも以前の時期から遊びを用いた指導を行っていた。児童の生活経験の積み重ねを重視してきた知的障害教育は、遊びを、発達段階の低い児童に提供されるにふさわしい生活経験とみなし、学習単元のコアとなるべき題材として位置づけてきたことがうかがえた。</p>

<p>"Teaching playing" is an instructional method within integrated study that combines fields and subjects at special schools for children with intellectual and developmental disabilities. This study examined the reasons for incorporating "teaching playing" by organizing instructional practices featuring "playing" that were implemented from the 1970s to the 1990s at two special schools for children with "mental retardation." Common to both schools, an increase in children with severe, profound, and multiple disabilities was the background for incorporating "teaching playing" as a form of instruction within integrated study. Furthermore, both schools had been implementing "teaching playing" prior to it being described in the "Courses of study for schools for children with 'mental retardation'." It was found that education for children with "mental retardation," which has focused on building up children's life experience, regarded playing as a desirable life experience to provide to children at lower developmental stages. Also, playing has been positioned as a teaching material that should be at the core of an experience-based learning unit.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Disability Sciences

    Japanese Journal of Disability Sciences 41(1), 105-119, 2017

    Association of Disability Sciences, Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006147575
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12215065
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    1881-5812
  • NDL Article ID
    028180300
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1307
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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