チベット論理学におけるldog paの起源  [in Japanese] On the Origin of <i>ldog pa</i> in Tibetan Logic  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>This article is intended to clarify the origin of the concept <i>ldog pa</i> which is original to Tibetan logic. <i>lDog pa</i> is a translated term from the Sanskrit <i>vyāvṛtti</i>—an alternate term of <i>apoha</i>—and is used in Tibetan texts on logic as a set of three terms (<i>ldog pa gsum</i>), namely: <i>rang ldog</i>, <i>don ldog</i>, and <i>gzhi ldog</i>.</p><p>For this purpose we may check the following three criteria in the texts of early Tibetan logic:</p><p>1. Does this text refer to three <i>ldog pa</i>s?</p><p>2. Does this text contain a detailed discussion on the set of terms <i>mtshan nyid</i>, <i>mtshon bya</i>, and <i>mtshan gzhi</i>?</p><p>3. Does this text use expressions like "<i>ngo bo gcig la ldog pa tha dad</i>"?</p><p>The oldest text of Tibetan logic that we possess is the commentary of Dharmakīrti's<i> Pramāṇaviniścaya</i> by rNgog Blo ldan shes rab (1059–1109). We find none of these three criteria in it.</p><p>The next text is the general survey of Tibetan logic <i>Tshad ma yid kyi mun sel</i> written by Phya pa chos kyi seng+ge (1109–1169), who was a scholar-abbot two generations later than rNgog. This text meets all three criteria. However, Phya pa uses these terms based on known meanings. Therefore, <i>ldog pa</i> or related expressions are developed in the time between rNgog and Phya pa by more than one unknown scholar.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies (Indogaku Bukkyogaku Kenkyu)

    Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies (Indogaku Bukkyogaku Kenkyu) 65(1), 410-404, 2016

    Japanese Association of Indian and Buddhist Studies

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006172034
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00018579
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0019-4344
  • NDL Article ID
    027807857
  • NDL Call No.
    Z9-55
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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