ソーシャルワークアセスメントスキル評価指標の開発:―精神保健福祉士を調査協力者とする質問紙調査より―  [in Japanese] Development of an assessment skills inventory for social workers : a questionnaire survey of psychiatric social workers.  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p> ソーシャルワークアセスメントスキル評価指標の開発を目的として,4つの県精神保健福祉士協会会員に質問紙調査を実施した.有効回答277票を使用し,探索的因子分析(最尤法・プロマックス回転)を行った結果,実践については「情報収集」「仮説生成(実践)」「仮説検証」の3因子19項目,思考については「面接中の思考」「情報分析」「仮説生成(思考)」の3因子20項目を抽出した.外的基準とした「問題予防や課題解決スキル群」と,各因子との間に,有意な正の相関がみられたため,妥当性が確かめられた.また下位尺度のCronbackαも.775から.869あり,一定の信頼性が確保された.</p><p> 年齢と経験年数以外で,各因子の下位尺度得点との有意な相関はみられなかった.このことから,アセスメントスキルが精神保健福祉領域においては所属を超えた共通性があることと,アセスメントに特化した研修プログラム開発の必要性を述べた.</p>

<p>  The purpose of this study is to develop an assessment skills inventory for social workers. A self‒report inventory for the measure of assessment skills was developed, and its constructs and relationships with "problem prevention and problem‒solving skills group" were examined. Participants were the members of 4 prefectural Associations of Psychiatric Social Workers and the number of respondents was 277.</p><p>  Exploratory factor analysis identified a model of assessment skills consisting of three components of "practice" and three components of "thinking". The "practice" consists of 19 items in 3 factors, which are "information gathering", "hypothesis generation(practice)", and "hypothesis testing". The "thinking" consists of 20 items in 3 factors, which are "thinking during interview", "information analysis", and "hypothesis generation(thinking)". Reliability ranges from .775 to .869. Also each factor score and "problem prevention and problem‒solving skills group" score as the external criteria showed a significant positive correlation. Therefore there is preliminary evidence of construct validity. The assessment skill inventory was demonstrated as a reliable and valid instrument. </p><p>  Significant correlation between the subscale scores of each factor and other attributes than age and years of experience was not seen. From this, the implications for a training program development are discussed.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Japanese Society for the Study of Social Work

    Journal of Japanese Society for the Study of Social Work 32(0), 1-12, 2016

    Japanese Society for the Study of Social Work

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006179239
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1884-3654
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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