北海道上川地区3 歳児の栄養摂取ならびに主要食品のポーションサイズ [in Japanese] ESTIMATION OF NUTRITION AND FOOD PORTION SIZES CONSUMED BY THREE-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN IN KAMIKAWA, HOKKAIDO [in Japanese]
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This study aimed to reveal the detailed dietary characteristics of 3-year-old children and to provide informationthat would be valuable for nutrition education. Subjects were 89 healthy 3-year-old children. Dietary intake wasassessed using 7-day semi-weighed food records during April 2012–2013 for 28 days in total (7 days per season).Energy from cereals was low and energy from snacks varied widely between individuals (0.0–40.9%). Calcium intakewas 68.6% of the recommended dietary allowance. ABC analysis showed that the major foods contributing to energy/nutrient intake differed between home and nurseries/kindergartens. Foods that are easily prepared without cookingwere frequently eaten at home. Portion sizes of rice and milk were smaller than the recommended amounts, consistentwith the observed nutrient intake. These results suggest that assessment of children's nutrient and habitualdietary intake, food portion sizes, and dietary characteristics can provide a possible approach for designing community-based dietary education.
- Japanese Journal of Physiological Anthropology
Japanese Journal of Physiological Anthropology 22(1), 7-23, 2017
Japan Society of Physiological Anthropology