地域防犯事業が体感治安と犯罪不安に及ぼす効果の研究:千葉県コンビニ防犯ボックスモデル事業を事例として  [in Japanese] The Difference between Subjective Security and Fear of Crime:A Case Study of Effects of a Community Crime Prevention Project  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

従来,わが国の犯罪情勢が論じられるにあたって,人びとの意識を表すものとして「体感治安」や 「犯罪不安」という語が用いられてきた.新聞や行政文書においては「体感治安」が用いられ,学術研 究においては「犯罪不安」が主たる研究対象とされてきたが,これらの差異には関心が向けられてこ なかった.  本稿は,千葉県コンビニ防犯ボックスモデル事業を事例として,この事業が地域住民にもたらした 体感治安とリスク知覚・犯罪不安に対する効果を分析する.異なる2地点で実施された同事業の事前 と事後の2回,地域住民に対する調査が実施された.  分析の結果,同事業は概して体感治安の向上をもたらしたが,部分的に犯罪リスク知覚と犯罪不安 の上昇が観察された.これらの結果から,「体感治安」と「犯罪不安」は異なるものであることが明ら かになった.防犯事業を評価する際には,犯罪不安と体感治安の両者を測定することが必要であるこ とが論じられた.

In Japan, conventional discussions on crime were on how people viewed crime trends, both from the perspective of "subjective security" and "fear of crime." Newspapers, assembly members, and officials valued "subjective security," while academicians talked about the "fear of crime." However, no attention was drawn to the difference between the two viewpoints. In this paper, a crime prevention project called "Convenience Store Security Box Project in Chiba prefecture" was tested to understand the effect on residents' "subjective security" and their "fear of crime." The project was undertaken at two places. The preliminary survey and the post-trial survey were conducted at both places. The project resulted in improving the subjective security of the residents, but their perceived risk of crime partially increased and their fear of crime worsened. Therefore, we concluded that both are different concepts and that both are necessary to evaluate crime prevention projects.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Sociological Criminology

    Japanese Journal of Sociological Criminology 41(0), 80-97, 2016

    Japanese Association of Sociological Criminology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006191164
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00206207
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0386-460X
  • NDL Article ID
    027777860
  • NDL Call No.
    Z2-611
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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