The reciprocal relationship between sickness presenteeism and psychological distress in response to job stressors: evidence from a three-wave cohort study

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Author(s)

Abstract

<p><b>Objectives: </b>Sickness presenteeism (SP) is postulated as workers' response to their general state of health; hence, SP is expected to affect workers' future health. In the present study, we examined the reciprocal relationship between SP and health in response to job stressors, with specific reference to psychological distress (PD) as workers' state of health. <b>Methods: </b>We conducted mediation analysis, using data from a three-wave cohort occupational survey conducted at 1-year intervals in Japan; it involved 1,853 employees (1,661 men and 192 women) of a manufacturing firm. We measured SP and PD, using the World Health Organization Health and Work Performance Questionnaire and Kessler 6 score, respectively. For job stressors, we considered job demands and control, effort and reward, and procedural and interactional justice. <b>Results: </b>PD mediated 11.5%-36.2% of the impact of job control, reward, and procedural and interactional justice on SP, whereas SP mediated their impact on PD, albeit to a much lesser extent in the range of 3.4%-11.3%. Unlike in the cases of these job stressors related to job resources, neither SP nor PD mediated the impact of job demands or effort. <b>Conclusions: </b>Our results confirmed the reciprocal relationship between SP and PD in response to selected types of job stressors, emphasizing the need for more in-depth analysis of the dynamics of these associations.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Occupational Health

    Journal of Occupational Health 59(6), 552-561, 2017

    Japan Society for Occupational Health

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006219314
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11090645
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    1341-9145
  • NDL Article ID
    028657679
  • NDL Call No.
    Z54-J76
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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