男性看護師と女性看護師のワーク・ファミリー・コンフリクトの比較  [in Japanese] Comparing Work-Family Conflicts of Male and Female Nurses  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 鈴木 康宏 Suzuki Yasuhiro
    • 千葉科学大学看護学部看護学科助手 Research Assistant, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Chiba Institute of Science

Abstract

<p>男性看護師と女性看護師のワーク・ファミリー・コンフリクト(以下:WFC)を比較するために,質問紙を用いて仕事と生活の実情ならびにコンフリクトの強さについて調査を行った。</p><p>一般病床数200床以上の病院に勤務する男性看護師および同じ病院の産婦人科以外に勤務する女性看護師を調査対象とし,WFCスケール日本語版18項目および調査対象の背景に関する20項目について自記式質問紙調査を行った。調査期間は2016年1月であった。調査協力のえられた86施設,4098名(女性2403名,男性1695名)に配布し,1985名(女性1251名,男性733名,性別不明1名)より返信があった。分析には回答項目に欠損値がない1735人分(女性1081名,男性654名)のデータを用いて男性と女性に群別し比較を行った。</p><p>男女でのWFCスケールは,WFCの平均値(SD)は女性が51.2(10.2),男性が49.6(10.5)であり,Welchの<i>t</i>検定の結果,p=.001であり有意差が認められた。加えて,ダミー変数を用いて性別を独立変数として投入し,WFCを従属変数とした線形重回帰分析を行い,R<sup>2</sup>=.093,Adjusted R<sup>2</sup>=.086,F-statistic=12.65,p<.001であった。性別では男性を1としたときの偏回帰係数は-1.665とマイナスであり,男性のWFCが低くなることを示していた。</p><p>男性と女性を比較した結果,女性のWFCが高い傾向にあることが明らかとなった。また,性別以外にも残業時間や通勤時間,希望部署,看護師養成学校の違い,配偶者や子どもと同居していること,介護者の有無,認定資格の有無,役職の有無,仕事を続けている理由がWFCに影響があると明らかになった。</p>

<p>This study is a questionnaire survey of male and female nurse working and living conditions as well as the intensity of work-family conflicts (WFC) using a questionnaire to compare the WFC. The self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted with male nurses working in hospitals with 200 or more beds in general wards and female nurses working in wards other than obstetric and gynecologic departments in the same hospitals in January, 2016. The questionnaire was comprised of 18 question items from the Japanese version of WFCS and 20 demographic question items. We obtained cooperation for the survey from 86 hospitals, distributed the questionnaire to 4098 nurses (2403 females, 1695 males), and received 1985 responses (1251 females, 733 males, 1 unknown). Excluding responses with missing values, data from 1735 responses, female (1081) and male (654), were analyzed for the comparison. The means (SD) of the WFC scores of the female and male groups were 51.2 (10.2) and 49.6 (10.5). The results of the Welch t-test showed that the difference in the WFC scores of the two groups is statistically different (p=.000). Further, a linear multiple regression analysis with dummy variables was conducted using gender as the independent variable, and the scores of the WFC as dependent variables, resulting in R<sup>2</sup>=.093, Adjusted R<sup>2</sup>=.086, F-statistic=12.65, and p<.001. For the gender, assigning 1 for males, the partial regression coefficient was -1.665, showing that the WFC of males is lower than that of females. Comparing females and males, it was found that female nurses have a higher WFC than male nurses. In addition to gender, the following factors are also found to influence the WFC : differences in overtime, commuting time, ward assignment preference, and types of nursing school attended, whether living with spouse and/or child (ren), having person (s) in need of care, having certified qualifications, and being assigned to a managerial position, as well as reasons to continue work.</p>

Journal

  • JOURNAL OF JAPAN HEALTH MEDICINE ASSOCIATION

    JOURNAL OF JAPAN HEALTH MEDICINE ASSOCIATION 26(2), 86-92, 2017

    JAPAN HEALTH MEDICINE ASSOCIATION

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006230323
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11419208
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1343-0025
  • NDL Article ID
    028459909
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-B862
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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