他者の痛み経験時の事象と表情が観察者の痛み理解と不快感に与える影響  [in Japanese] The effects of actual situations and the facial expressions of another person when experiencing pain on observers' understanding of the pain and sense of unpleasantness  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>われわれは日常生活において,痛みを感じている他者を観察すると,痛みの理解や不快感の喚起が生じる.こうした「痛みの共感」に関する先行研究では,他者の痛み場面を示す表象として痛み事象と痛み表情の両方が用いられてきた.本研究の目的は,痛み事象と痛み表情が,他者の痛み場面において,他者の痛み理解と自身の不快感喚起にそれぞれどの程度影響を与えているのか明らかにすることであった.本研究では,痛み場面とは痛み事象と痛み表情から構成されるものとした.実験参加者は,痛み事象と表情が同画面内に映るように撮影した動画刺激に対し,推定されるターゲットの痛みと自分自身の不快感を0~10で評定した.実験の結果,不快評定においては,痛み事象の影響が痛み表情の影響よりも大きいことが示唆された.一方で,ターゲットの痛み推定では,痛み事象と痛み表情の影響に違いはなかった.このことから,他者の痛み場面における不快感喚起には,痛み事象が主として寄与していることが示唆された.</p>

<p>Observing another person experiencing painful situations can elicit understanding for the other's pain and a sense of unpleasantness in observers. Previous studies focusing on <i>empathy for pain</i> have employed both painful situations and facial expressions of pain as stimuli to indicate the pain of others. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the influences of both painful situations and expressions of pain on understanding the other person's pain and the sense of unpleasantness when witnessing painful situations. The painful-situation stimuli used within this study each consisted of one situation and one expression of pain. Participants observed short video clips of painful scenes and rated both the intensity of pain experienced by a target individual and their own experiences of unpleasantness. The results indicated that the effects of the painful situations were greater than the effects of painful expressions when the participants rated the degree of unpleasantness experienced. On the other hand, when the participants estimated the pain intensity experienced by the target individual, there were no differences between the effects of the painful situations and those of the painful expressions. These findings suggest that painful situations primarily contribute to the evocation of unpleasant feelings.</p>

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Cognitive Psychology

    The Japanese Journal of Cognitive Psychology 15(1), 13-19, 2017

    The Japanese Society for Cognitive Psychology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006251026
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11971335
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1348-7264
  • NDL Article ID
    028757378
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-E286
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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