交通行動と健康診断データ・心的傾向の関連分析-神奈川県大和市職員を対象として-  [in Japanese] RELATIONSHIPS AMONG TRAVEL BEHAVIOR, PHYSICAL HEALTH AND MENTAL TENDENCY  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

本研究では,交通行動と健康状態,ならびにクルマの運転動機,交通手段への態度,五大性格特性,主観的幸福感等の心的傾向を計測する指標との関係性を把握することを目的に,神奈川県大和市職員を対象としたアンケート調査(<i>n</i>=479)を行った.このうち健康診断データの提供に同意した職員は180名であった.分析の結果,クルマ・バイク通勤者はメタボ該当者がそれ以外の通勤者の倍程度であった.心的傾向については,組織との関係が良好で地域のボランティアに参加しているほど,メタボや高BMIの傾向が示された.この理由としては,勤務先やボランティア等で飲食を伴う交流が盛んであった可能性が考えられる.メタボは危険因子が集積した状態であり,自覚症状が希薄であるため,健康指標として心的傾向と組み合わせた分析を行う際には留意が必要である.

This research focused on the relationships among travel behavior, health condition and indicators to measure mental tendencies such as driving motivation, attitudes towards transportation, social capital, the Big Five and Subjective-Well-Being. Questionnaire survey (n = 479) was conducted among employees in Yamato city, Kanagawa prefecture, 180 of them agreed to provide medical examination data for research purposes. As a result of the analysis, the number of metabolic syndrome people who use cars and motorcycles to commute were about twice as many as those who use other transportation. It was also shown that those who use cars and motorcycles for business purposes tend to have metabolic syndrome and higher BMI. In regard to mental tendency, as a result of good relationships with the organization and participation in regional volunteer activities; it was shown that there is a tendency of metabolic syndrome and high BMI. The reason of this may due to the fact of frequent joint dining at workplaces or after volunteer activities. Since metabolic syndrome is a state of accumulation of risk factors and subjective symptoms are imperceptible, it is necessary to pay attention when analyzing combined mental tendency as health index.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. D3 (Infrastructure Planning and Management)

    Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. D3 (Infrastructure Planning and Management) 73(5), I_1173-I_1182, 2017

    Japan Society of Civil Engineers

Codes

Page Top