地域環境と心身の健康状態に関する因果分析―BMIと健康関連QOL指標に基づく検討―  [in Japanese] THE CAUSAL MODEL OF LINKAGES AMONG REGIONAL ENVIRONMENT AND PHYSICAL/MENTAL HEALTH: A STUDY BASED ON BMI AND HEALTH-RELATED QOL  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

近年,国民の健康状態を向上させるため,生活習慣病の予防や心身機能の維持・改善に繋がる居住・社会環境の整備が提唱されている.本研究では地域環境等の諸要因と,心身の健康状態の因果関係を明らかにすることを目的する.なおwebアンケート調査を実施し,身体的・心理的健康状態に対する自身の評価の他に,地域環境に対する評価・生活習慣及び個人属性等を質問している.その中でも,BMIと健康関連QOLそれぞれを身体的健康状態・心理的健康状態の代理指標とし,その実態を定量的に把握した.また,地理情報を加えて因果関係モデルを作成した.その結果,地域環境として公共交通と公園の整備が心身の健康状態に間接的に影響を与えることが明らかとなった.また,健康に関する意識が心身の健康状態の向上に間接的な影響があるという結果が得られた.

In recent years, policies have been proposed to alleviate lifestyle-related diseases and to extend the human lifespan by improving urban environments. This research specifically analyzes the causal relation between the community environment and residents' physical and mental health. Therefore, this study applied a questionnaire about self-health awareness and physical health, community environment, daily routine, etc. Additionally, the research uses health indexes such as body mass index (BMI) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) as evaluation standards. Results suggest the following. 1) An improved community environment, such as satisfactory public transportation system or public garden, tends to be non-obesity and foster a healthy mental state. 2) Health-awareness directly affects residents' physical and mental health.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. D3 (Infrastructure Planning and Management)

    Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. D3 (Infrastructure Planning and Management) 73(5), I_355-I_366, 2017

    Japan Society of Civil Engineers

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