統合モビリティサービスの概念と体系的分析手法の提案  [in Japanese] A CONCEPTUAL PROPOSAL FOR INTEGRATED MOBILITY SERVICES AND ITS SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本論文では,鉄道,バス,タクシー,DRTやカーシェアリング等の交通サービスを,一つのアカウントや窓口で一体的に決済できる料金体系と単一の検索・予約システムを通して利用者に提供する「統合モビリティサービス」(IMS)の概念を整理し,その分析のための枠組みを提案する.IMSの一種と位置付けられる"Mobility as a Service (MaaS)"は,既にフィンランドでサービスが開始されており,今後世界の多くの都市へ導入が進む可能性がある.IMSは,自家用車保有に代わる包括的な移動サービスとなり,交通行動や各交通手段の利用状況に大きな影響を与えうるが,サービス供給者と利用者の相互作用を体系的に分析する手法については十分に議論がなされていない.そこで本論文では,IMSの分析の枠組みとしてMulti-Cycle Modelを提案し,計算例を提示する.

Integrated Mobility Services (IMS) provide route search, booking, and payment services of different travel modes such as train, bus, taxi, Demand Responsive Transport (DRT), and car-sharing in one application and under one pricing system. Pioneer among IMS, Mobility as a Service (MaaS) was launched in Finland in 2016, and is expected to be expanded to cities around the world. IMS provide a comprehensive service that can covers all trips of individuals in the target area; as such, it can be an alternative to owning and driving a car. As a result, travel behavior, performance and business condition of independent modes can be affected by the existence of such service. However, adequate methodologies to analyze interactions between users and service producers under IMS schemes have not been substantially discussed. Based on this background, an analysis methodology for IMS named “Multi-Cycle Model” is proposed in this paper, and the calculation of a simplified example is presented.

Journal

  • Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. D3 (Infrastructure Planning and Management)

    Journal of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, Ser. D3 (Infrastructure Planning and Management) 73(5), I_735-I_746, 2017

    Japan Society of Civil Engineers

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