ネパールの不空羂索観自在マンダラ:――儀軌と布製絵画――  [in Japanese] Maṇḍala of Amoghapāśa-lokeśvara in Nepal::Its Ritual Texts and Cloth Paintings  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

<p>This paper will analyze the characteristics of Maṇḍalas, which are described in ritual texts of the <i>Aṣṭamī-vrata</i> and depicted in cloth paintings, and discuss the relationships among them. Its three main points are summarized below.</p><p>1. The 49 deities enumerated in the Maṇḍala of Amoghapāśa-lokeśvara can be found in the <i>Amoghapāśa-lokeśvara-vrata-vidhi-kathā</i> (AD 1981) and Sanskrit manuscripts of the <i>Pūjākarmasaṃgraha</i> (AD 1864) and the <i>Aṣṭamī-vrata-vidhi</i> (AD 1891). Some of the deities in this<i> </i>Maṇḍala can be found in other texts as well. Attendants such as Tārā and Bṛkuṭī are mentioned in the <i>Amoghapāśa-sādhana</i> (P no. 4840). Other attendants including Ajita, Aparājitā, and Mārasainyapramardaṇa can be found in the <i>Āryāmoghapāśa-nāma-hṛdayaṃ mahāyāna-sūtram</i>. Two Buddhas, namely Supratiṣṭhita[guṇa]maṇikūṭarāja-tathāgata and Samantaraśmyabhyudgataśrīkūṭārāja-tathāgata, are mentioned in the <i>Karuṇāpuṇḍarīka-sūtra</i>. Further, Buddhas such as Suprakīrtitanāmadheyaśrī-tathāgata and Indraketudhvajaśrī-tathāgata can be found in the <i>Vinaya-viniścaya-upāli-paripṛcchā.</i></p><p>2. The iconographical structure of the Maṇḍala of Amoghapāśa-lokeśvara, which is described in the ritual texts referenced above, can be found in 6 cloth paintings, one of which is preserved at the Guimet Museum in Paris.</p><p>3. Because the 49 deities in the Maṇḍala of Amoghapāśa-lokeśvara cannot be found in India and Tibet, we can point out that this Maṇḍala originated in Nepal. It also contains elements of Indian Mahāyāna and Vajrayāna Buddhism. </p>

Journal

  • Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies (Indogaku Bukkyogaku Kenkyu)

    Journal of Indian and Buddhist Studies (Indogaku Bukkyogaku Kenkyu) 65(2), 892-886, 2017

    Japanese Association of Indian and Buddhist Studies

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006314803
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0019-4344
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
Page Top