日本の都市圏の競争力:ピラミッドモデルの実証的検定 Competitiveness of Japanese Functional Urban Areas (JFUAs): Empirical Testing of the Pyramid Model

Access this Article

Author(s)

Abstract

<p>本研究では,まず長田進の方法によって,日本の141都市圏(Japanese Functional Urban Area)を設定した(Osada 2003)。次にこれら都市圏を,経済競争力に関するピラミッドモデル(Lengyel 2004)にもとづくクラスター分析により,三つのクラスターに分類した。三つのクラスターは,ピラミッドモデルにおける基本カテゴリー・発展要因・成功要因の差違により構成されたものである。また最終的なクラスター間の距離は,第1クラスターを単独で構成する東京大都市圏と他の都市圏との間の競争力の大きな格差を示し,経済資源と人的資源の不均等分布を明らかにしている。一方,中位の競争力を示す第2クラスターは,多くが太平洋ベルト地帯の都市圏群であるが,富山や那覇などの地方都市圏や郊外中心,あるいは小規模な都市圏も含め分類されており,これは今後の均衡ある地域発展を考える重要な鍵となる。このように都市圏の競争力に影響を与える要因が,日本では都市規模以外にも見られる点もここで見いだされた新たな知見である。</p>

<p>In the present study, we propose a method to determine the competitiveness of spatial units in a more objective manner, which aims at improving the underpinning as well as ex-post assessment of regional planning. 141 JFUAs were created as spatial units based on the method introduced by Osada (2003). These JFUAs were classified into three clusters in terms of their competitiveness with the help of the Pyramid Model (Lengyel, 2004). The analysis of the clusters confirmed a significant gap between the Tokyo JFUA and the other urban areas of the country and highlighted the uneven nature of the distribution of economic, human and institutional resources in the country. On the other hand, as one of the most important contributions of our paper, we point out the existence of 22 small and medium-sized JFUAs with medium competitiveness which can have an important role in the creation of a more balanced urban development. The investigation also contributed to finding out which factors were responsible for the differentiation in competitiveness among urban areas. Although size is the most prevalent determinant of Japanese urban competitiveness, other factors or circumstances seem to be able to mobilize local resources to attain successful development of an urban area. The small and medium-sized JFUAs in Cluster 2 with medium competitiveness serve as a good example.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Human Geography

    Japanese Journal of Human Geography 64(5), 434-451, 2012

    The Human Geographical Society of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006318243
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0018-7216
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
Page Top