アイヌ文化期の道南地域出土ガラスの化学組成分析 [in Japanese] Chemical composition analysis of glass beads excavated from sites in southern part of Hokkaido at Ainu cultural period [in Japanese]
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Production of lead silicate glass declined by 9<sup>th</sup> AD in Japan. Instead lead potash silicate glass (K<sub>2</sub>O-PbO-SiO<sub>2</sub>), a new compositional type of glass, flowed into Japan from China. Then lead potash silicate glass become a major glass type in the medieval period of Japan. Especially in Hokkaido, glass beads were favored by Ainu culture. So we focus on the circulation of glass in Hokkaido at the Ainu cultural period to understand the glass trade in relation with glass in Honshu. In this study, we analyzed glass beads excavated from sites in southern Hokkaido, which were important bases located between Honshu and central Hokkaido. The samples are excavated from archaeological sites at the periods from the 15<sup>th</sup>～19<sup>th</sup> century AD. The analytical results showed that these glass beads can be classified into two types – lead potash silicate glass (K<sub>2</sub>O-PbO-SiO<sub>2</sub>) and potash lime silicate glass (K<sub>2</sub>O-CaO-SiO<sub>2</sub>). These types of glass are also major types distributed in Hokkaido at the period of Ainu culture. In addition, we have found the presence of a large number of purple glass beads made of lead potash silicate glass utilizing antimony oxide as emulsifier. Interestingly, they are only characteristic to southern part of Hokkaido.
- RESEARCH REPORTS OF NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, HAKODATE COLLEGE
RESEARCH REPORTS OF NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, HAKODATE COLLEGE 52(0), 20-38, 2018
National Institute of Technology, Hakodate College