大阪市都心部における職住関係の変化―大阪市福島区を例に―  [in Japanese] Transformation of the Relationship Between Workplace and Home in the Central Area of Osaka: A Case Study of Fukushima Ward, Osaka City  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本研究では,都心の人口回復がすすむ中,都心居住者の職住近接がすすんでいるか否かを検討した。対象地域は,大阪市の都心に位置する大阪市福島区である。はじめに,国勢調査をもとに,福島区居住者全体の従業地構成の変化を分析した。その結果,都心居住者の就業については,職住近接よりもむしろ職住分離がすすんでいることが明らかになった。続いて,都心居住者における職住分離の背景,要因を明らかにするため,アンケート調査を実施した。都心における職住分離傾向の背景,要因は,以下のように要約できる。第一に,自営業者の職住関係の変化である。もともと自営業者は,職住一体を特徴としてきたが,近年,都心においては,自営業者の職住分離もすすんだ。さらに,自営業者数自体も大幅に減少している。第二に,若年層や分譲マンション居住者の動向である。若年層や分譲マンション居住者は,大阪市外への通勤者割合が高い。こうした都心における職住分離傾向は,雇用の郊外化とも関連がある。雇用の郊外化は,都心居住者の郊外への通勤を促進する方向に作用した。特に,ホワイトカラーによる都心居住の増加と都心雇用の減少が,職住分離をすすめる背景となったと考えられる。</p>

<p>This study investigates whether, in light of the ongoing population recovery in the central area of the city, there is a corresponding increase of employment in the proximity of those urban residents. The study area is Fukushima Ward, Osaka City, located in the central area. First, an analysis based on the national census was made of changes in the composition of workplace of all the residents in the entire area of Fukushima Ward. It became clear that for urban residents, separation between workplace and residence rather than workplace proximity is in progress. Subsequently, to clarify factors of the job/living separation among urban residents, a questionnaire survey was conducted. The factors behind the job/living separation trend in the central area can be summarized as follows. First, there are changes in job/living relationship for the self-employed. Originally self-employment was characterized by the residence and the workplace being one and the same. In recent years, however, there has been an increase of job/living separation among the self-employed in the central area. In addition, the number of self-employed individuals itself has been greatly reduced. Secondly, there is a trend toward younger residents and those living in condominiums. Among younger people and condominium residents, a high rate of commuters work outside Osaka City. The employment/residence separation tendency in the central area is also associated with suburbanization of employment. Suburbanization of employment has acted to encourage urban residents to commute to suburban areas. Especially, growth of white-collar workers living in the central area and reduction in urban employment are considered to constitute background factors for the progress in workplace/residence separation.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Human Geography

    Japanese Journal of Human Geography 68(2), 149-171, 2016

    The Human Geographical Society of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006329597
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00123110
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0018-7216
  • NDL Article ID
    027609041
  • NDL Call No.
    Z8-440
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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