アイカメラを用いたバス運転手の公道上運転行動解析  [in Japanese] Analysis of Bus Drivers' Gaze Behavior on Public Roads Using Eye Camera  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p><tt>日本では,特に地方部において乗合バスが重要な公共交通インフラとなっており,</tt>1 <tt>件のバス事故が日常生活に大きな影響を及ぼす.しかしながら乗合バス事故の件数は依然として多い.本研究では,新人バス運転手 </tt>16 <tt>名と指導運転手 </tt>7 <tt>名の,バス停留所への停車・発車,右左折など,バス乗務中に起きる様々な交通場面を含む公道上での運転行動を計測し,計測データを比較することで,どのような場面においてバス運転手がリスクの高い運転をする傾向にあるのかを調査した.その結果,バス停留所発車時や狭路直進時における,同時に複数の項目を確認しなければならない状況下において,新人運転手群は車内事故や対人事故を防止するために確認すべき項目の確認回数が指導運転手群と比較して有意に少ないことが明らかとなった.</tt></p>

<p>In Japan, since bus service is one of the most important transportation infrastructure especially in regional cities, traffic accidents by bus make large impact to our daily life. However, the number of bus accidents is still at a generally high level. In this study, we let 23 bus drivers (16 newly-employed bus drivers in training, 7 bus instructors) drive on public roads and measure their gaze behavior in traffic scenes frequently occurred in a daily service (e.g. departing from/stopping at bus stop, turning at busy intersections). By comparing measured data of drivers in training and those of instructors, we investigate in what kind of traffic conditions bus drivers behave riskily. As a result of our analysis, we found that drivers in training performed significantly less checking behavior than instructors while departing from bus stop or driving narrow residential streets where driver should simultaneously pay attention to multiple mirrors and traffics around to prevent in-vehicle/inter-vehicle accidents.</p>

Journal

  • JSTE Journal of Traffic Engineering

    JSTE Journal of Traffic Engineering 4(1), A_294-A_301, 2018

    Japan Society of Traffic Engineers

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