看護・福祉系大学生における整理整頓への苦手意識に関連する要因  [in Japanese] Factors related to consciousness of difficulty about organizing/tidying up in nursing / welfare university students they have  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>目的:人の生活に深く関わる看護・福祉系大学生には対象者の療養生活支援のための生活技術の獲得が望まれる.一般市民に,整理整頓が苦手な人は多く,大学生の生活身辺処理能力と自尊感情に関する報告はあるが,看護・福祉系大学生の整理整頓への苦手意識に着目した調査報告はない.本研究では看護・福祉系大学生の整理整頓への苦手意識と居室の整理整頓状況,対象者特性との関連を検討し,効果的支援方法の策定に資する事を目的とした.</p><p>方法:首都圏と中部地方の看護・福祉系大学生450人を対象に自己記入式調査を実施した.調査内容は整理整頓への苦手意識,整理整頓・掃除の実施者や自尊感情等の対象者特性,ためこみ状況によるストレス(SI-R),居室の乱雑度(CIR),整理整頓の頻度とした.分析は整理整頓への苦手意識の有無を結果変数として,対象者特性の粗オッズ比および調整オッズ比を求めた.オッズ比(95%信頼区間)はロジスティック回帰分析,変数選択はステップワイズ法を用いて推定した.次に整理整頓への苦手意識とSI-R得点,CIR得点,整理整頓・掃除の頻度との相関係数を求めた上で,それぞれに関連する項目を重回帰分析で求めた.有意水準は両側5%,解析はSAS9.4を用いた.</p><p>結果:整理整頓への苦手意識(有)の対象者特性による調整オッズ比は整理整頓の実施者が自分以外は2.77(95%信頼区間:1.29, 5.95),自尊感情尺度得点は0.96(同0.93,0.99)であった.整理整頓への苦手意識とSI-R得点,CIR得点,整理整頓・掃除の頻度は互いに相関し,SI-R得点に関連がある項目は性別と自尊感情尺度得点,CIR得点に関連する項目は,学年,同居の有無,整理整頓の実施者,自尊感情尺度得点であった.整理整頓・掃除の頻度に関連する項目は学科,同居の有無,整理整頓の実施者であった.</p><p>結論:看護・福祉系大学生において整理整頓が苦手な者は自分で整理整頓・掃除を行わず,自尊感情が低い傾向があった.また,学年進行が進んでも整理整頓・掃除を「自分で行わない」学生は居室が乱雑で整理整頓・掃除の頻度が少ない傾向や,一人暮らしの学生は頻回に整理整頓・掃除を行っていても乱雑な居室状態の改善が進まない状況があった.今後はこれらの学生の整理整頓への苦手意識と自尊感情に配慮した整理整頓方法習得に向けた学習機会を設ける必要性が示唆された.</p>

<p>Objectives: Individuals involved in nursing or social work should organize/tidy up to better serve patients. According to studies, several members of the general public have difficulty organizing/tidying up, and the life-coping skills of undergraduates correlate with their score on the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES); however, no study has examined whether nursing or social work students have difficulty in organizing/tidying up. The current study aimed to examine difficulty in organizing/tidying up in nursing or social work students, and factors related to this difficulty, and effective forms of support for students facing this difficulty.</p><p>Methods: The subjects were 450 nursing or social work students. Subjects completed a self-administered questionnaire asking whether one had difficulty in organizing and tidying up and how often one organized/tidied up. The questionnaire also included the Japanese version of the RSES, the Saving Inventory-Revised (SI-R), and the Clutter Image Rating (CIR) scale. In analysis, whether one had difficulty in organizing/tidying up served as the outcome variable. Furthermore, crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for subject characteristics. ORs (95% CI) were estimated using the logistic regression analysis (stepwise variable selection). In addition, multivariate regression analyses were performed with the hoarding condition as an objective variable and other survey items as explanatory variables. The significance level was two-tailed (p < 0.05), and the analysis was performed using SAS v9.4.</p><p>Results: Having difficulty in organizing/tidying up was related to a low score on the RSES, and who organized/tidied up. Adjusted for subject characteristics, the OR for one's score on the RSES was 0.96 (95% CI: 0.93, 0.99) and that for having someone else organize/tidy up was 2.77 (95% CI: 1.29, 5.95). Difficulty in organizing/tidying up, SI-R, CIR, and the frequency of organizing/tidying up were correlated with each other. SI-R was related to sex and RSES, and CIR was related to the number of years in school, living alone or with someone else, who organized/tidied up, and RSES. The frequency of organizing/tidying up was related to the department of school, whether the subject lived alone or with someone else, and who organized/tidied up.</p><p>Conclusion: In nursing or social work students, difficulty in organizing/tidying up was related to low self-esteem and the habit of not organizing/tidying up for oneself.</p><p>Despite being organized frequently, there was a situation when students living alone did not advance improvement of one's room clutter. Organizing/tidying up skills should be taught based on an individual's self-esteem level.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of the National Institute of Public Health

    Journal of the National Institute of Public Health 66(6), 630-639, 2017

    National Institute of Public Health

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006386894
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11751510
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1347-6459
  • NDL Article ID
    028831885
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-152
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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