<家と村の子育て>からの離陸――幕末維新期における子育て・保育の改革構想 Take-Off from "Child-Rearing in Family and Community" : A Plan of Reformation of Child-Rearing and Education in the Middle of 19th Century Japan

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Abstract

<p> There are three reasons to reflect on child-rearingin the traditional societies. First, there is the motive for civilized societies to attempt to restore the environment and child-rearing conditions that children have lost due to the modernization process. Second motiveis, are search of traditional society itself in order to see the modern society relatively. This is the primary motive of myself who hassteadily engaged in socialhistory research. Thirdly, there is recent interest in the mid-19th century, that is, the period from the late Tokugawa through the Meiji Restoration. That is much concern regarding the significance of the Meiji Restoration to people who lived through it. Due to progress in socialhistory reseach, the life and mindset of people in the early modern period is becoming more concretely clear, and it is now possible to inquire the meaning of modern take-off from the view point of early modern era.</p><p> This paper follows the example of Kondo Makoto, who recognized the importance of the activities of mothers who introduced literacy to their children at home, and sought to improve language teaching methods based on KANA, using"AIUEO"rather than "I-RO-HA". Such recognition of the importance of home education as a preparation for school education led him to understand quickly the functions of Western Nurseries and Kindergartens and to introduce them in Japan.</p>

<p> There are three reasons to reflect on child-rearingin the traditional societies. First, there is the motive for civilized societies to attempt to restore the environment and child-rearing conditions that children have lost due to the modernization process. Second motiveis, are search of traditional society itself in order to see the modern society relatively. This is the primary motive of myself who hassteadily engaged in socialhistory research. Thirdly, there is recent interest in the mid-19th century, that is, the period from the late Tokugawa through the Meiji Restoration. That is much concern regarding the significance of the Meiji Restoration to people who lived through it. Due to progress in socialhistory reseach, the life and mindset of people in the early modern period is becoming more concretely clear, and it is now possible to inquire the meaning of modern take-off from the view point of early modern era.</p><p> This paper follows the example of Kondo Makoto, who recognized the importance of the activities of mothers who introduced literacy to their children at home, and sought to improve language teaching methods based on KANA, using"AIUEO"rather than "I-RO-HA". Such recognition of the importance of home education as a preparation for school education led him to understand quickly the functions of Western Nurseries and Kindergartens and to introduce them in Japan.</p>

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of the historical studies of early childhood education and care

    The Japanese Journal of the historical studies of early childhood education and care 12(0), 43-58, 2017

    Society for the Historical Studies of Early Childhood Education and Care in Japan

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