タイ・サムットサーコーン県におけるミャンマー人の適応様式  [in Japanese] The Adaptive Style of Myanmar Migrants in Samut Sakhon Province, Thailand  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿では,1980年代後半以降,タイに増加しつつあるミャンマー人を対象に,かれらのホスト社会における適応様式を明らかにすることを目的とした。そのためミャンマー人の社会属性・居住様式・就業形態・生活様式に着目しながら分析した。対象地域は,タイでも最大規模のミャンマー人の人口を有する,バンコク郊外のサムットサーコーン県マハーチャイ町およびその周辺である。ミャンマー人の集住地区は,市街地周辺部における小規模居住地区,工場地帯における中規模居住地区,そして市街地中心部に位置する大規模居住地区の3 種類に区分して検討を加えた。市街地周辺地区においては,一つのエスニック集団が集住する,引き寄せ型の移住が顕著にみられた。大規模居住地区では様々なエスニック・ビジネスが展開され,多様な属性のミャンマー人が居住しているが,一定数は,タイ社会への順応度合に応じて他地区に移住していることが明らかになった。

Myanmar migrants in Thailand have been increasing in number since the late 1980's, due to the rapid economic growth of Thailand where the demand for labour has increased enormously. Also, the start of the Myanmar military regime in 1988 became the main push factor for many Myanmar citizens to emigrate abroad. Large numbers of Myanmar migrants can be observed in Bangkok, its neighboring prefectures and border prefectures with Myanmar. In Samut Sakhon Province, located in the suburbs of Bangkok, due to the high labor demand from primary and secondary industries, such as fisheries and marine product processing industries, the largest Myanmar communities in Thailand have emerged. The aim of this paper is to analyze the adaptive style of Myanmar migrants in local Thai areas, using case studies of Myanmar communities in the central parts of Samut Sakhon Province. Thus, this study has paid special attention to the Myanmar migrant's social attributions, residential patterns, occupational preferences and modes of life. Myanmar residential patterns were examined by dividing them into three types: small-scale residential areas at peripheral sites, medium-scale residential areas in the industrial zones, and the large-scale residential area in the town centers. Each type of residential area is different, consisting of Myanmar migrants of diverse social attributes and occupations. In the small-scale residential areas, there was a tendency for the communities to consist mainly of one ethnic group, which is due to the chain-migration of the same ethnic groups from Myanmar. On the other hand, in the medium-scale and the large-scale residential areas, there is a diversity of Myanmar migrants in terms of ethnic origins as well as occupations. However, some of the Myanmar migrants move out from the large-scale residential area to live in other areas, according to their adaptive stages to Thai society. Moreover, large-scale residential area functions as an important center to support the Myanmar migrants as a whole, because many kinds of information and products from Myanmar are concentrated and available here.

Journal

  • Geospace space

    Geospace space 6(1), 47-61, 2013

    Japan Association on Geographical Space

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006693356
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1882-9872
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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