タイ・サムットサーコーン県におけるミャンマー人の適応様式 [in Japanese] The Adaptive Style of Myanmar Migrants in Samut Sakhon Province, Thailand [in Japanese]
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Myanmar migrants in Thailand have been increasing in number since the late 1980's, due to the rapid economic growth of Thailand where the demand for labour has increased enormously. Also, the start of the Myanmar military regime in 1988 became the main push factor for many Myanmar citizens to emigrate abroad. Large numbers of Myanmar migrants can be observed in Bangkok, its neighboring prefectures and border prefectures with Myanmar. In Samut Sakhon Province, located in the suburbs of Bangkok, due to the high labor demand from primary and secondary industries, such as fisheries and marine product processing industries, the largest Myanmar communities in Thailand have emerged. The aim of this paper is to analyze the adaptive style of Myanmar migrants in local Thai areas, using case studies of Myanmar communities in the central parts of Samut Sakhon Province. Thus, this study has paid special attention to the Myanmar migrant's social attributions, residential patterns, occupational preferences and modes of life. Myanmar residential patterns were examined by dividing them into three types: small-scale residential areas at peripheral sites, medium-scale residential areas in the industrial zones, and the large-scale residential area in the town centers. Each type of residential area is different, consisting of Myanmar migrants of diverse social attributes and occupations. In the small-scale residential areas, there was a tendency for the communities to consist mainly of one ethnic group, which is due to the chain-migration of the same ethnic groups from Myanmar. On the other hand, in the medium-scale and the large-scale residential areas, there is a diversity of Myanmar migrants in terms of ethnic origins as well as occupations. However, some of the Myanmar migrants move out from the large-scale residential area to live in other areas, according to their adaptive stages to Thai society. Moreover, large-scale residential area functions as an important center to support the Myanmar migrants as a whole, because many kinds of information and products from Myanmar are concentrated and available here.
- Geospace space
Geospace space 6(1), 47-61, 2013
Japan Association on Geographical Space