Aerosol Optical Characteristics in Fukuoka and Beijing Measured by Integrating Nephelometer and Aethalometer: Comparison of Source and Downstream Regions

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Abstract

<p> The aerosol optical characteristics in the East Asian cities of Fukuoka and Beijing were measured from 2010 to 2014. These long-term season-crossing data were compared to understand the differences between the aerosol characteristics at a source and a downstream region. Previously, few long-term, season-crossing observations have been reported. Using a method developed by one of the present authors, the measurement data were analyzed so that the retrieved optical properties can be more accurate than those obtained in previous studies. Using these data, the aerosol characteristics and their frequency distributions were reliably obtained. In Fukuoka, the annual means of the extinction, scattering, and absorption coefficients <i>C</i><sub><i>ext</i></sub> (525 nm), <i>C</i><sub><i>sca</i></sub> (525 nm), and <i>C</i><sub><i>abs</i></sub> (520 nm) were 74.6, 66.1, and 8.1 Mm<sup>−1</sup>, respectively, whereas those in Beijing were 412.1, 367.2, and 42.4 Mm<sup>−1</sup>, respectively. The coefficients in Fukuoka were approximately one-fifth of those in Beijing. The single-scattering albedos <i>ω</i><sub>0</sub> (525 nm) in Fukuoka and Beijing were 0.877 and 0.868, respectively. The asymmetry factors <i>G</i> (525 nm) in the two cities were 0.599 and 0.656, respectively. The extinction Ångström exponents <i>α</i><sub><i>ext</i></sub> in the two cities were 1.555 and 0.855, respectively. The absorption Ångström exponents <i>α</i><sub><i>abs</i></sub> in the two cities were 1.106 and 0.977, respectively. The fine- and coarse-mode volume fractions in Fukuoka were approximately 80 % and 20 %, and those in Beijing were both approximately 50 %, except in summer.</p><p> <i>C</i><sub><i>ext</i></sub>, <i>C</i><sub><i>sca</i></sub>, and <i>C</i><sub><i>abs</i></sub> showed a seasonal variation in both cities. Some other properties also showed a seasonal variation. In particular, the seasonal variation in <i>α</i><sub><i>abs</i></sub> was clear in both cities; it tended to be small in summer and large in winter. The frequency distributions of various parameters were also investigated. The frequency of <i>C</i><sub><i>ext</i></sub> > 500 Mm<sup>−1</sup> in Fukuoka was very low, and large <i>C</i><sub><i>ext</i></sub> values were recorded more frequently in spring than in other seasons. In Beijing, <i>C</i><sub><i>ext</i></sub> > 1000 Mm<sup>−1</sup> values were recorded more frequently, and the frequency of 10 Mm<sup>−1</sup> ≤ <i>C</i><sub><i>abs</i></sub> ≤ 60 Mm<sup>−1</sup> was high in spring and summer. Furthermore, <i>α</i><sub><i>abs</i></sub> < 1.0 values were recorded frequently, which cannot be explained by the simple external mixture of absorbing aerosols.</p><p> To demonstrate the usefulness of the data obtained in this study, the relationships among <i>α</i><sub><i>abs</i></sub>, <i>α</i><sub><i>ext</i></sub>, the volume size distribution, the imaginary part of the refractive index, and <i>ω</i><sub>0</sub> were investigated, and two characteristic cases in Beijing (winter) and Fukuoka (spring) were preliminarily analyzed.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. Ser. II

    Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan. Ser. II 96(2), 215-240, 2018

    Meteorological Society of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006694323
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA00702524
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0026-1165
  • NDL Article ID
    028947117
  • NDL Call No.
    Z54-J645
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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