南北アメリカ研究と文化地理学:3つの経済文化地域の設定と地域変化に関する試論  [in Japanese] Cultural Geography and the Studies of the Americas:Proposal of Three Economic-Cultural Regions and the Interpretation of Regional Changes  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本論文は南北アメリカ地誌を文化地理学の視点と方法で検討する試論であり,新大陸と呼ばれてきた広大な地域を考察するための枠組みを提示することを目的とする。アメリカ合衆国における地理学の研究動向および南北アメリカを対象とした文化地理学研究の成果を概観し,4つの研究のアプローチ,すなわち人間と環境,起源と伝播,地域と景観,時間と変化が重要であることを指摘した。このような認識に基づいて,コロンブス以降の南北アメリカを概観するために,北西ヨーロッパ系小農経済文化地域,プランテーション経済文化地域,イベリア系牧畜経済文化地域の設定を試みた。そして,アメリカ合衆国の発展は北西ヨーロッパ系小農経済文化地域が国土の全域に拡大するプロセスであることを指摘するとともに,具体例としてグレートプレーンズ,南カリフォルニア,カリフォルニア・セントラルバレーにおける地域変化の概要を示した。さらに,3つの経済文化地域の設定は南北アメリカにおける日系社会の比較研究に有効であることを論じた。

The Americas have changed since the arrival of Columbus, and interpreting these changes is a challenging task for geographers. This paper attempts to propose the framework for investigating the overall development and the regional characteristics of the Americas from the cultural-geographic viewpoint. An examination of geographers' published works reveals that four approaches are important in scrutinizing the Americas as a whole: "man and nature," which emphasizes the human impact on the environment; "origin and dispersal," which examines transcontinental exchange and its impact; "region and landscape," which identifies culture regions and cultural landscapes; and "time and change," which depicts the process of regional changes. Three economic-cultural regions are then identified; these regions emerged with the introduction of different systems of development from Europe. The three regions are the northwestern European peasant economic-cultural region, plantation economic-cultural region, and Iberian cattle ranching economic-cultural region. The development of the United States is interpreted in the context of the three economic-cultural regions as a process in which the northwestern European peasant economic-cultural region expanded to the south, west, and southwest, eventually expanding across the entire territory. In order to substantiate this thesis, the cases of the Great Plains, southern California, and California's Central Valley are presented with reference to the regional changes that took place in the late nineteenth century. The proposed economic-cultural regions also provide the basis for comparative studies of immigrant communities in the Americas, as the differences in the Japanese immigrant communities are successfully interpreted in the context of the host society inherent in the economic-cultural regions.

Journal

  • Geospace space

    Geospace space 1(1), 1-31, 2008

    Japan Association on Geographical Space

Cited by:  1

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006699495
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12471203
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    Journal Article
  • ISSN
    1882-9872
  • NDL Article ID
    10760684
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZG1(歴史・地理)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-Y351
  • Data Source
    CJPref  NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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