アジア・太平洋戦争の時代における国民教育としての「創意工夫」養成:帝国日本の働く青年のプロジェクト活動  [in Japanese] A National Education System on Technology Development by the Project Activities that the Young Non-elite Performed in Imperial Japan during the Asia Pacific War  [in Japanese]

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アジア・太平洋戦争の時代における国民の「創意工夫」養成に関する政策の動向、および青年学校の修身及公民科用の国定教科書『青年修身公民書』の内容等を分析した結果、日本の総力戦体制化は、厖大な数のノンエリートの働く若者たちに対して、世界と対峙する帝国日本を強く意識させながら、身近な労働現場の改善を中心として、公共的課題を解決するための汎用的技術開発などをめざすプロジェクト活動に近い問題解決活動の推進者に育成するという国民教育制度の新たな要素を構築し、大衆の技術開発者化を推進したことが解明された。

 This article concluded that in Imperial Japan, during the Asia Pacific War, 1931-1945, the young non-elite had to exert ourselves strongly "originality and ingenuity" that it is similar to the "intelligence" pragmatism theorists said. <br> To prove the above, this article firstly analyzed the movement of the policy that aimed at the exaltation of the "originality and ingenuity" by the masses in the 1930s and the early 1940s in particular, after World War I that the preparations for a coming total war were pushed forward in Japan. Secondly, this article focused on the national textbook Seinen-Shushin-Kouminsyo for the shushin and civic education of the youth school and analyzed a main curriculum system aiming at the "originality and ingenuity" training in the youth school.<br> The main elucidation points of this article are as follows. <br> The exertion of the "originality and ingenuity" was to wrestle for project activities for the young non-elite each one to solve close public problems spontaneously. By the project activities of the young, general-purpose technology development was made much of in particular. In other words, the exaltation of the "originality and ingenuity" was that the young drew up creative project activities mainly on the general-purpose technology development proactively to overcome serious difficulty of national life and really carried it out. At this time, the person considered to be their model was Thomas A. Edison, Sakichi Toyoda, Sakutaro Kobayashi who had a little formal schooling, and technology developers of other non-elite. <br> In this way, the Japanese total war system in the times of the Asia Pacific War built a new component of national education system to train the young who engaged in labor to be impellers of various project activities to share close public problems and to solve them. It was considered that this new component was pragmatic.

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  • BULLETIN OF JAPAN SOCIETY FOR STUDY OF VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION

    BULLETIN OF JAPAN SOCIETY FOR STUDY OF VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION 46(2), 11-18, 2016

    The Japan Society for Study of Vocational and Technical Education

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