Possible aplanochytrid (Labyrinthulea) prey detected using 18S metagenetic diet analysis in the key copepod species <i>Calanus sinicus</i> in the coastal waters of the subtropical western North Pacific

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Author(s)

Abstract

<p>Metagenetic diet analyses of the 18S V9 region were conducted in 40 adult female <i>Calanus sinicus</i> during winter in Tosa Bay (Japan). The majority of prey items were small crustaceans (of Copepoda and Cirripedia) and diatoms, taxa that are dominant in the environment and have been previously reported as important prey items of <i>Calanus</i>. The abundance of sequences attributable to Dinophyta and Chlorophyta was significantly lower in <i>C. sinicus</i> gut contents than in environmental plankton communities, suggesting that <i>C. sinicus</i> avoids prey from these groups. Hydrozoans were also observed, and aplanochytrids (Labyrinthulea) were detected for the first time as a major prey of <i>C. sinicus</i>. Additionally, high proportions of unclassified eukaryote material were observed, suggesting undetected predator–prey relationships in key copepod species in marine ecosystems. The dietary importance of aplanochytrids, heterotrophic protists that accumulate unsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid, has been overlooked in previous research. <i>Calanus sinicus</i> is a key copepod species in the subtropical coastal regions of the western North Pacific, and a major food source for the larvae of commercially important fish; therefore, further investigation into novel prey items such as aplanochytrids is recommended to understand the complex food web structures in marine ecosystems.</p>

Journal

  • Plankton and Benthos Research

    Plankton and Benthos Research 13(2), 75-82, 2018

    The Plankton Society of Japan, The Japanese Association of Benthology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006744038
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12130745
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    1880-8247
  • NDL Article ID
    029006523
  • NDL Call No.
    Z54-J424
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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