Platelet count and indoor cold exposure among elderly people: A cross-sectional analysis of the HEIJO-KYO study

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Author(s)

    • Saeki Keigo
    • Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Nara Medical University School of Medicine
    • Obayashi Kenji
    • Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Nara Medical University School of Medicine
    • Kurumatani Norio
    • Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Nara Medical University School of Medicine

Abstract

<p><i>Background:</i> Excess mortality from cardiovascular disease during cold seasons is a worldwide issue. Although some physiologic studies suggests that platelet activation via cold exposure may cause an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease in winter, the influence of indoor cold exposure in real-life situations on platelet (PLT) count remains unclear.</p><p><i>Methods:</i> A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1095 elderly individuals. After obtaining a venous sample in the morning, indoor temperature of participants' home was measured every 10 min for 48 h. The mean indoor temperature while the participants stayed at home was calculated. All measurement was conducted during cold seasons (October to April) from 2010 to 2014.</p><p><i>Results:</i> The mean age of the 1095 participants was 71.9 years. They spent 87.3% of the day at home (20 h 27 min). A 1 °C lower daytime indoor temperature was associated with a significant increase in PLT count of 1.47 × 10<sup>9</sup>/L (95% confidence interval, 0.39–2.56 × 10<sup>9</sup>/L). Compared with the warmest tertile group (20.1 [standard deviation {SD}, 0.09] °C), the coldest group (11.7 [SD, 0.12] °C) showed a 5.2% higher PLT count (238.84 [SD, 3.30] vs. 226.48 [SD, 3.32] × 10<sup>9</sup>/L; P = 0.01), even after adjusting for basic characteristics (age, gender, body weight, and smoking), antihypertensive medication, comorbidities (diabetes, estimated glomerular filtration rate), socioeconomic status (household income and education), day length, and outdoor temperature.</p><p><i>Conclusions:</i> We found a significant and independent association between lower indoor temperature and higher PLT count among elderly in winter.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Epidemiology

    Journal of Epidemiology 27(12), 562-567, 2017

    Japan Epidemiological Association

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