スリランカ人日本語学習者の格助詞の習得:――シンハラ語母語話者の作文に見られる「ガ」を中心に――  [in Japanese] Acquisition of Case Particles by Sri Lankan Japanese Learners:Focusing on <i>ga</i> in Essays Written by Native Sinhalese Speakers  [in Japanese]

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<p> 本研究は,シンハラ語母語話者日本語学習者の作文に見られる主な助詞の誤用傾向と「ガ」「ヲ」の使用状況を示すとともに,先行研究であまり注目されてこなかった「ガ」に注目して誤用の要因を考察した。作文を小テスト得点から3群に分けて分析した結果最も誤用率が高かったのは中位群の「ガ」であった。「ヲ」の誤用率は3群とも低く,「対象」用法が安定して使用されていたが,「ニ」「デ」の誤用の大半は「ニ」と「デ」の混同であった。「ガ」の誤用のうち「×ガ→○ヲ」(「ガ」が誤り,「ヲ」が正しい)は3群とも約8割を占め,その多くは絶対他動詞を取っていた。その要因として,シンハラ語の格標示の影響で「ガ」と「ヲ」の区別に注意が向きにくいこと,意志性の低い他動詞の目的語に「ガ」を選択している可能性が考えられた。「×ガ→○ヲ」は運用上の大きな問題であり,指導において「ガ」「ヲ」をより重視する必要があることが示唆された。</p>

<p>This study discusses the main error tendencies in particle usage and the use of <i>ga</i> and <i>wo</i> in essays written by Sinhalese-speaking Japanese learners. Particular attention in the analysis of error factors is given to <i>ga</i>, which has received little attention in previous studies. The essays were divided into three groups using a short test. The subsequent analysis indicated that the error rate of <i>ga</i> in the intermediate-level group was highest. Furthermore, the error rate of <i>wo</i> was low among all three groups, and the object was being used consistently. The majority of errors with <i>ni</i> and <i>de</i> involved switching these two particles. In all three groups, among the errors of <i>ga</i> particle usage, "×<i>ga</i>→○<i>wo</i>" (<i>ga</i> is wrong, <i>wo</i> is correct) errors accounted for around 80%, most of which involved unpaired transitive verbs. The primary factor for such errors seems to be the influence of Sinhalese case markers. This results in learners being unable to distinguish between <i>ga</i> and <i>wo</i>, increasing the probability of selecting <i>ga</i> for the object of a low-volition transitive verb. The error "×<i>ga</i>→○<i>wo</i>" is a serious problem in the use of Japanese particles. Therefore, it is necessary for teachers to take special care to distinguish the usage of <i>ga</i> and <i>wo</i>.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Japanese Language Teaching

    Journal of Japanese Language Teaching 161(0), 31-41, 2015

    The Society for Teaching Japanese as a Foreign Language

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