眼への温熱刺激による身体反応および主観的評価に対する加齢の違い  [in Japanese] Differences in Physiological Response and Subjective Evaluation on the Application of a Hot Compress to the Eyes between the Elderly and the Nonelderly  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p> 本研究の目的は, 若年者と高齢者を対象に, 温熱刺激を眼周辺に加えた際の自律神経系の反応や唾液コルチゾール濃度, 主観的評価について検討することである. 対照および温熱条件で, SDNN, rMSSDおよびLogL×Tは高齢者と若年者間で有意差が認められたが, 他の項目では違いが認められなかった. 温熱条件の経時的変化でrMSSDが回復時に上昇し, L/Tは貼用時に低下する傾向が高齢者に認められたが, 若年者には認められなかった. 高齢者における両条件の貼用前と貼用時の変化では, 快不快の感覚は温熱条件のほうがより快を感じていることが示された. 高齢者は腋窩温が若年者より低い傾向にあったが, 温熱刺激を行った際の温度感覚の値は若年者と同等もしくは若年者より高かった. 眼への温熱刺激は高齢者にとって, 若年者にくらべ, 反応が鈍い部分も認められたが, ストレッサーとしてではなく, リラクセーションとしての効果がもたらされるケアであることが示唆された.</p>

<p> The purpose of this study was to examine the saliva cortisol concentration, autonomic nervous system response, and subjective evaluation on the application of a hot compress to the eyes in the elderly and the nonelderly. There were significant differences in SDNN, rMSSD, and LogL×T between the elderly and the non-elderly in both the control and hot compress conditions. However, no significant differences observed in the other measurements. With regard to the time course in the hot compress condition, rMSSD increased during recovery and L/T decreased during the application of a hot compress in the elderly but not in the nonelderly. In the elderly, the comfortable-uncomfortable feeling score in the hot compress condition was lower than in the control condition ; in other words, the elderly felt comfortable in the hot compress condition. Although the core body temperature tended to be lower in the elderly than in the nonelderly, there were no differences in the thermal sensation of local and whole body regions between the two groups in the hot compress condition. Our results suggest that the application of a hot compress does not induce stress in the elderly but rather has a relaxing effect.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Nursing Art and Science

    Japanese Journal of Nursing Art and Science 16(0), 10-20, 2017

    Japanese Society of Nursing Art and Science

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006895813
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1349-5429
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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