地域ブロック内における出生率の違い――富山と福井の比較から――  [in Japanese] Why Regional Fertility Differs in Japan: How Fukui Manages to Have Higher Fertility Rates than Toyama  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

Abstract

出生率の地域差の原因とされる社会経済的要因は富山県と福井県で似ているが,出生率には違いがある.そのため,個票データ等を用いてその理由を探索的に検証した.福井県では祖父母からの子育て支援の多さ,地域の子育てのしやすさ,地域の経済展望の明るさが突出していた.祖父母の子育て支援の規定要因を検証すると,居住状況や妻の就労状況以外に,祖父母の価値観が影響していた.地域の子育てのしやすさの規定要因の分析では,居住状況,価値観に加えて,子どもの世話をする人の数や,地域の経済展望が影響していた.地域の経済展望は地方税収と強い相関があり,福井県の明るい経済展望は原発と関連産業による潤沢な地方税収に支えられていた.最後に,女性の初婚年齢の規定要因として,大学等進学率よりも高校卒業時の就職率が重要であることを示した.富山県では,高校卒業時の女子の就職率が低いことが,女性の初婚年齢の遅さにつながっている.

Although both Toyama and Fukui prefectures are located in Hokuriku and have many socio-economic indicators in common, Fukui has distinctly higher fertility rates than Toyama. Using micro and macro data, this paper investigates why that should be. My findings demonstrate that Fukui is exceptional in the amount of childcare provided by grandparents, the perceived child-friendliness of the area, and the perceived economic outlook of the area. Findings suggest that the amount of childcare provided by grandparents is determined by the child and by the gender-related values of grandparents. The perceived child-friendliness of the area is determined by the positive economic outlook of the area. The economic outlook, in turn, is strongly associated with the level of local taxation. The exceptionally positive outlook of Fukui was supported by the ample income deriving from its nuclear power plants and related industries. Finally, my findings suggest that it is women’s employment rates upon high school graduation that affect women’s age at first marriage. Toyama women have much lower employment rates than men upon high school graduation, which leads to the delayed timing of age at first marriage.

Journal

  • Kazoku syakaigaku kenkyu

    Kazoku syakaigaku kenkyu 28(1), 26-42, 2016

    Japan Society of Family Sociology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006902197
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10092691
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    0916-328X
  • NDL Article ID
    027375770
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-3173
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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