行動プランの有無および自己効力感が1年後の運動行動変容ステージに及ぼす影響  [in Japanese] Impact of Having Action Plan and Self Efficacy Score on Physical Activity Action Change after One Year  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<b>目的</b>:介護予防教室に参加した地域在住高齢者において行動プランの有無および自己効力感が1年後の運動行動変容ステージ(ステージ)に及ぼす影響に関連する要因を検討すること.<br><b>方法</b>:2013年6月~2015年3月までの介護予防教室に参加した65歳以上の高齢者105名を対象とした縦断研究である.運動機能測定と運動習慣や心理的要因に関する質問紙調査を行った.ステージの変化により運動習慣を4群に分類し,開始時と1年後の各変数の変化を比較した.<br><b>結果</b>:本研究の有効対象者数は88名(追跡率83.8%,男性20名,女性68名,平均年齢79.3±5.8歳)であった.ステージ維持習慣群では他の3群に比べ開始時も1年後もSelf-Efficacyが有意に高かった.開始時に行動プランを有している者が1年後にステージ習慣群である相対リスクは2.90(95% CI:1.52-5.55)であり,行動プランを有することは1年後の運動継続に有意に影響した.<br><b>結論</b>:ステージ上位の者に対して行動プランを提示することは運動継続に効果がある可能性が示された.

<b>Introduction</b>: The present study was conducted to identify the influence of self-efficacy score and having an action plan on “stages of change” for exercise after one year.<br><b>Methods</b>: Physical functions and psychological factors at baseline and after one year in 105 elderly individuals who participated in a preventive care program. The subjects were classified into four groups by using the stages of change scale for physical activity.<br>The cause related to impact on physical activity and action stage change (stage) after one year later with having or not having action plan for preventive care program in elderly at home in community as well as sense of self efficacy was investigated.<br><b>Results</b>: Self-efficacy scored significantly higher in the usual activity group with continuity of stage activity both at baseline and one year later. The relative risk of having an action plan at baseline for exercise after one year was 2 . 90 (95% CI: 1.52-5.55). This value significantly influenced the maintenance of physical activity after one year.<br><b>Conclusion</b>: The results of this study suggest that showing an action plan was effective in maintenance of physical activity.

Journal

  • An Official Journal of the Japan Primary Care Association

    An Official Journal of the Japan Primary Care Association 39(4), 227-233, 2016

    JAPAN PRIMARY CARE ASSOCIATION

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006903441
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12479442
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    2185-2928
  • NDL Article ID
    027842145
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-983
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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