リズム系運動の習慣者における健康体力水準:~肥満者および一般の非肥満者との比較から~  [in Japanese] Health-fitness status in women who routinely enjoy rhythmic exercise:─Comparison with obese people and general non-obese people─  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本研究の目的は,体力測定や生理・生化学的指標から得られる 「活力年齢」 に着目し,中高年女性におけるリズム系運動がどのような健康増進効果をもたらすかについて,①BMIが25kg/m<sup>2</sup>以上の対象者(以下肥満群),②BMIが25kg/m<sup>2</sup>未満で明らかな疾患がない対象者(以下一般群),③リズム系運動習慣者(以下ダンサー群)の3群間において,活力年齢およびその構成要素を比較することにより,リズム系運動習慣者の健康体力水準の違いを明らかにすることとした。活力年齡は包括的健康度の指標として,健康と体力に関連する多項目(全身持久性体力,敏捷性,バランス,血圧,血中脂質,腹囲,肺機能など)から推定される。対象は,肥満群(平均年齢62.0±3.9歳)24名,一般群(平均年齢62.4±4.8歳)28名,およびダンサー群(平均年齢63.8±5.3歳)21名であった。ダンサー群の活力年齢(54.5±7.4歳)は,肥満群(67.6±4.6歳)および一般群(62.6±8.1歳)よりも有意に良好な値を示した(<i>P</i><0.05)。このことから,長年にわたり日常的に,ダンスに代表されるリズム系運動を中心とした身体活動を継続していくことの有益性が認められた。</p>

<p>Using 'vital age' as a measurement of physical fitness as well as physiological health status in exploring what kind of health benefits are brought about by rhythmic exercise in middle-aged and older women, the purpose of this study was to shed light on the difference in the level of physical fitness of women who routinely do rhythmic exercise by comparing the 'vital age' or the constituent elements of such of three groups of individuals: 1) those with a BMI of 25 kg/m<sup>2 </sup> or more (hereafter referred to as 'the obese group'), 2) those with a BMI of less than 25 kg/m<sup>2 </sup>(hereafter 'the regular group'), and 3) those who regularly do rhythmic exercises (hereafter 'the dancer group'). <br/>The 'vital age' - as a comprehensive measurement of health - was estimated using the various indicators ordinarily related to physiological health and fitness, namely stamina/endurance, agility, balance, blood pressure, lipid concentration in blood, abdominal girth, lung function. There were 24 subjects in the obese group (with an average age of 62.0±3.9 years), 28 subjects in the regular group (with an average age of 62.4±4.8 years) and 21 subjects in the dancer group (with an average age of 63.8±5.3 years). The vital age of the dancer group (54.5±7.4 years) was significantly better than those of the obese group (67.6±4.6 years) and the regular group (62.6±8.1 years) (<i>P</i><0.05). Thus various benefits brought about by dance-based physical activities for an extended period of time could be evident, and part of the mechanism was shown from the observation of energy metabolism and electromyograms during dancing.</p>

Journal

  • Research Journal of JAPEW

    Research Journal of JAPEW 33(0), 19-27, 2017

    Japan Association of Physical Education for Women

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006903520
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1882-0980
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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