地域在住女性高齢者の疼痛の部位数と身体機能および精神・心理機能との関係  [in Japanese] Relationship between Pain and Physical and Psychological Functions in Community Dwelling Elderly Women  [in Japanese]

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Author(s)

    • 安彦 鉄平 Abiko Teppei
    • 京都橘大学健康科学部理学療法学科 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science,Kyoto Tachibana University
    • 村田 伸 Murata Shin
    • 京都橘大学健康科学部理学療法学科 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science,Kyoto Tachibana University
    • 大杉 紘徳 Ohsugi Hironori
    • 城西国際大学福祉総合学部理学療法学科 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Social Work Studies, Josai International University
    • 堀江 淳 Horie Jun
    • 京都橘大学健康科学部理学療法学科 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Science,Kyoto Tachibana University

Abstract

<p>本研究目的は地域在住高齢女性を疼痛の部位数によって分類し,比較することで,疼痛を有する高齢者の特徴を明らかにすることである。対象は,186名の高齢女性(平均年齢72.5±5.9歳)とした。測定は,身体機能および精神心理機能を調査した。対象者を疼痛0箇所,1箇所,2箇所以上で分類を行い,一元配置分散分析後,多重比較Tukey 法を用いて比較した。その結果,疼痛部位数が2箇所以上群は0箇所群あるいは1箇所群と比べて大腿四頭筋筋力体重比,上体起こし回数,片足立ち保持時間が有意に低く,Timed Up and Go test,睡眠不良状態,主観的不健康感は有意に高かった。疼痛の部位数0箇所群と1箇所群の間には,有意差を示した項目はなかった。以上のことから,疼痛の部位数という側面を考慮することで,疼痛を有する高齢者の特徴をより詳細に捉えることが可能なことを明らかにした。</p>

<p>The purpose of this study is to investigate the functional differences between community-dwelling elderly women with and without pain. A total of 186 elderly women participated in this study (mean age: 72.5 years, SD: 5.9). We assessed physical function,mental function and cognitive function. After classification of subjects by number of painful areas (pain-free, single painful area, 2 or more painful areas), we performed an analysis using analysis of variance and multiple comparisons for the number of painful areas. Compared with the pain-free group and group with a single painful area, the group with 2 or more painful areas had decreased physical function (isometric knee-extension strength,raising the upper body, one-leg standing time, and Timed Up and Go test) and decreased mental function (sleep quality and subjective health). However, the results of analysis of variance and multiple regression analysis showed no significant differences between the pain-free and single painful area groups. These findings suggest that it is necessary to assess the association between physical and mental function and pain according to the number of painful areas.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Health Promotion and Physical Therapy

    Japanese Journal of Health Promotion and Physical Therapy 7(1), 7-12, 2017

    Japan Society of Health Promotion and Physical Therapy

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130006907485
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    2186-3741
  • NDL Article ID
    028110594
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-H239
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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