日本の若者におけるワサビと辛味の嗜好性に関するアンケート調査結果  [in Japanese] Report on Preference for Wasabi and Pungency among Young Japanese People  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>若者のワサビ離れの実態は不明であり,ワサビや辛味の嗜好性との関係も調べられたことはなかった.そこで全国の農業高等学校15校と老人介護施設3施設を対象に郵送でアンケート用紙を送付し,高校生594人および高齢者65人から有効回答を得て辛味に関する嗜好性を分析した.その結果,高齢者より高校生で,高校生男子より高校生女子で「ワサビ嫌い」が有意に多くみられることがわかった.辛い食べ物やトウガラシでは世代,性別間で有意な差はみられなかった.嫌いな理由として「鼻にツンとくるから」が72%と最も高かった.ワサビ好きと「回転寿司の利用頻度」と「肉の嗜好性」とは無関係であり,「魚の嗜好性」と 「生ワサビの経験値」 と有意な関係性がみられた.一方,「家族のワサビの経験値」とも有意な関係性がみられ, ワサビの嗜好性には家庭環境が影響を与えている可能性がある.今回の結果から,若い人たちが本当のワサビの味を知らず,身近な食材としてトウガラシをより好む傾向になりつつある現状が浮かびあがった.より多くの人たちに生ワサビを食する機会を設けるなど何等かの対策を講じる必要があるだろう.</p>

<p>Wasabi has been part of the Japanese diet for centuries, however, young people may be rejecting the traditional Japanese diet. In this study, we investigated whether the avoidance of wasabi in young people is an actual phenomenon using postal questionnaire surveys involving students in 15 agricultural high schools and residents in 3 senior care homes. Responses were obtained from 259 young students and 53 elderly people. A significantly higher rate of young students disliked wasabi compared with elderly subjects. A significantly higher rate of young female students disliked wasabi compared with young male students; the main reason was that female students experienced nasal irritation their noses stung after consumption. There was also a tendency for young students who liked wasabi to prefer fish to meat and to come from families that ate wasabi. The home environment was considered an important determinant of the preference. A previous study involving Korean and Japanese subjects, suggested a significant correlation between pungency preference and wasabi preference. The tendency to avoid wasabi and yet eat red pepper cannot be ignored if Japanese food culture is to survive. It is necessary to increase the opportunities for young Japanese people to eat raw wasabi</p>

Journal

  • Horticultural Research (Japan)

    Horticultural Research (Japan) 17(2), 219-229, 2018

    THE JAPANESE SOCIETY FOR HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007386514
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11608561
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    1347-2658
  • NDL Article ID
    029009459
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-C757
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE  JASI 
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