大阪府八尾市方言の素材待遇形式ヤルの機能:──三者の関係を表すマーカー──  [in Japanese] <i>Yaru</i> in Yao Dialect, Osaka: A Marker to Indicate the Relationship of Three Persons  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>大阪府を中心とする近畿方言には,「親愛の情を表す」とされるヤルという素材待遇形式がある。本稿では,待遇表現が話し手による関係把握の表現であるという立場に立ち,大阪府八尾市方言話者のデータをもとに,ヤルの〈機能〉を明らかにした。すなわち,ヤルは,話題の人物が話し手と〈ウチ〉の関係にあり,聞き手もまたその〈ウチ〉の関係にあるという話し手の認識を表す。このような,素材に言及することで聞き手との〈ウチ〉の関係を示すヤルの〈機能〉は,ハルをはじめ,対象を遠隔化する〈機能〉のみを持つ日本語の敬語の中において注目に値する。</p>

<p>The aim of this article is to clarify the function of the subject honorifics form <i>yaru</i> in the Yao dialect of Osaka. In previous research, <i>yaru</i> is said to indicate the 'endearment' because it is used when the subject is younger than the speaker, or the same age. However, this article claims that the function of <i>yaru</i> is not to indicate the feeling of the speaker, but the relationship of the speaker, the hearer, and the subject from the viewpoint of the speaker. <i>Yaru</i> indicates the close relationship of the speaker, subject, and the hearer. Therefore it indicates that the three members are all in 'internal' (or close) relationship. This article claims that 'endearment', which is claimed as a main function of <i>yaru</i> in previous research, can be thought of as the discourse function by the use of the relation marker <i>yaru</i>.</p><p><i>Yaru</i> is uncommon in that it represents the 'close' relationship of both the hearer and subject from the viewpoint of the speaker, while Japanese honorifics (linguistic politeness) are said to represent the 'distant' relationship to the subject or hearer from the viewpoint of the speaker.</p>

Journal

  • Studies in the Japanese Language

    Studies in the Japanese Language 14(1), 1-17, 2018

    The Society for Japanese Linguistics

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007387412
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11998386
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    1349-5119
  • NDL Article ID
    028764843
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-M894
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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