フィンランドにおける放射性廃棄物処分政策形成の歴史的背景:ドイツとの比較の視座から  [in Japanese] Historical Background of Nuclear Waste Policy Formation in Finland:Based on a Comparison with Germany  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本稿は、フィンランドにおける放射性廃棄物処分政策形成を巡る歴史的背景を、ドイツとの比較の視座から分析することを目的とする。Högselius(2009)の挙げる、世界の使用済み核燃料処分政策の相違に関する5つの説明要因のうち、特に軍事的野心と核不拡散、政治的文化と市民社会、エネルギー政策を扱う。両国とも核兵器を所有しないが、ドイツにおいては冷戦を背景に一時核武装論へと傾斜、核不拡散条約を巡り公に国内で対立、核武装疑惑につながりうる再処理を1989 年まで追求した一方、フィンランドにおいては北欧非核兵器地帯(NWFZ)協定構想が提案され、1980 年頃に再処理の選択が放棄された。さらにフィンランドでは東西両陣営からの原発を有しており、反原発運動が分断された。フィンランドが世界で初めて高レベル放射性廃棄物処分場計画を決定した理由の一つに、冷戦の文脈で、強い反原発運動が不在だったことが指摘されうる。

This research seeks to analyze the historical background of the radioactive waste policy formation in Finland based on a comparison with Germany. Within Högselius (2009)'s five broad explanatory factors which are identified in relation to the observed differences in spent nuclear fuel (SNF) policy outcomes around the world, military ambitions and non-proliferation, political culture and civil society, and energy policy are discussed in this research note. Both countries do not have own nuclear weapons, but they were in the different context of the Cold War. Some German officials thought at some points that they needed nuclear weapons. Besides, these officials were argued extensively about the nuclear nonproliferation treaty; until 1989, they pursued reprocessing that could make nuclear armament possible. In Finland, the Nordic Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Agreement Initiative was proposed, and in around 1980, reprocessing was not pursued. In addition, Finland has nuclear plants introduced by the East and West, and the anti-nuclear movement was divided. Finland could decide the radioactive waste disposal site plan for the first time in history. One of the reasons for Finland's decision can be said that in the context of the Cold War, a strong nationwide anti-nuclear movement was absent.

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Northern European Studies

    Japanese Journal of Northern European Studies 13(0), 45, 2017

    Japan Association for Northern European Studies

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007387666
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1880-2834
  • Data Source
    J-STAGE 
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