「女性は数学が苦手」:―ステレオタイプの影響について考える―  [in Japanese] "Women can't do math": A review of the social psychological literature on the effects of negative stereotypes on both women and girls  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

It is unclear why the number of women in the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) is still small. In this review article, I focus on gender stereotypes (i.e., the belief that "women canʼt do math") from a social psychological perspective. It has been reported that women and girls are influenced by negative stereotypes in experimental settings as well as in the real world. For example, researchers have found that negative stereotypes can undermine the performance of women in math exams. More recently, implicit stereotypes have been found to affect womenʼs math preferences either equally or even more than explicit stereotypes. How can we counteract the effects of negative stereotypes? Interventions, such as informing women that their math performances and career decisions are often unconsciously influenced by gender stereotypes, have been introduced based on accumulated knowledge of both gender and stereotypes. Having reviewed such literature, I conclude that psychologists in Japan should put more effort into conducting research on how to encourage women and girls to pursue their career plans, especially in the STEM field.

<p>It is unclear why the number of women in the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) is still small. In this review article, I focus on gender stereotypes (i.e., the belief that "women canʼt do math") from a social psychological perspective. It has been reported that women and girls are influenced by negative stereotypes in experimental settings as well as in the real world. For example, researchers have found that negative stereotypes can undermine the performance of women in math exams. More recently, implicit stereotypes have been found to affect womenʼs math preferences either equally or even more than explicit stereotypes. How can we counteract the effects of negative stereotypes? Interventions, such as informing women that their math performances and career decisions are often unconsciously influenced by gender stereotypes, have been introduced based on accumulated knowledge of both gender and stereotypes. Having reviewed such literature, I conclude that psychologists in Japan should put more effort into conducting research on how to encourage women and girls to pursue their career plans, especially in the STEM field.</p>

Journal

  • JAPANESE PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW

    JAPANESE PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW 60(1), 49-61, 2017

    JAPANESE PSYCHOLOGICAL REVIEW

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007401821
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00123664
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    0386-1058
  • NDL Article ID
    028395551
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-647
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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