Genetic, acute and subchronic toxicity studies of matured hop extract produced by extraction from heat-treated hops

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Author(s)

Abstract

<p>It has been demonstrated that successive ingestion of matured hop extract (MHE), produced by extraction from heat-treated hops, results in body fat reduction in animals and humans; however, preclinical safety studies have not been reported. In this study, we conducted <i>in vitro</i> and <i>in vivo</i> safety studies for MHE. Genotoxicity was evaluated using the Ames test, <i>in vitro</i> chromosomal aberration test, and <i>in vivo</i> micronucleus test. To assess acute safety, a single, oral administration of MHE to rats was monitored. Subchronic safety was assessed by repeated feeding with MHE for 90 days. The <i>in vitro</i> chromosomal aberration test was positive at 3,330 μg/mL and 5,000 μg/mL without metabolic activation. However, MHE did not induce any reverse mutation with or without metabolic activation in the Ames test, and no abnormalities were observed at a dose of 2,000 mg/kg body weight in the rat micronucleus test. In the acute and subchronic safety studies, no deaths or toxicological signs were recorded during the observation period. In addition, no changes in body weights, feed/water consumption, clinical signs, ophthalmoscopy, urinalysis, hematology, blood biochemistry, organ weights, or histopathology were observed after repeated administration of MHE. Therefore, the no-observed-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) of MHE was considered to be over 3,484 and 4,022 mg/kg body weight/day in males and females, respectively. These results indicate that there is no safety concern for MHE in the present preclinical safety study.</p>

Journal

  • The Journal of Toxicological Sciences

    The Journal of Toxicological Sciences 43(7), 473-484, 2018

    The Japanese Society of Toxicology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007402881
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00002808
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    0388-1350
  • NDL Article ID
    029338573
  • NDL Call No.
    Z19-1022
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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