水田農業の次世代モデルを問う:秋田県大潟村の検証から  [in Japanese] An Approach for the Next Generation Model of Paddy-farming in Japan: From the History of Ogata Village, Akita Prefecture  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本稿は,秋田県大潟村における機械化大規模営農の構想と実際の歩みを検証して,水田農業の次世代モデルへの示唆を得るのが目的である.その結果,次のことが明らかになった.第1に,農地の払い下げや営農方式等に関する契約下で,国と入植者の意思はしばしば対立・交錯しつつも,水稲直播等の国構想基幹部分の失敗にもかかわらず,入植者たちの強い欲求と実践が田植機の乗用多条化など稲作専用機械化体系の成立を促し,役割を果たした.第2に,食糧法下の販売努力や環境配慮生産などが奏効して稲作の有利性に拍車がかかり,土地利用方式改変への内発的契機は微弱であった.第3に,消費者,実需者,他産地や畜産経営者等との連携が発展,進化し,新たな変化が起きつつある.</p>

<p>The purpose of this paper is to provide some implications for a next-generation model of paddy-farming in Japan, through a validation of the large-scale mechanized farming concept and practice in Ogata Village, Akita Prefecture, born as "a future agricultural model for Japan." First, even though contracts of land sale and farming systems were connected between the settlers and the country, both parties often came across bad opportunities and confrontation. But, even though the failure of rice direct seedling as a critical portion of a national plan, strong desire and no-compromise pursuit by the settlers of mechanized systems contributed to encourage establishment of large-scale mechanized rice-only systems using such devices as transplanters to serve the purpose of the initial results. Second, village farmers piled on marketing ingenuity and hard work under the Food Act, and at the same time succeeded in environment-friendly agricultural production. Therefore, they tend to focus only on rice and were increasingly spurred on; as a result, weak changes were effected on the land use system from the inside. Third, the development of farmers' cooperation with consumers, users and other regions' farmers including livestock farmers also caused new changes to the land use system.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Rural Economics

    Journal of Rural Economics 88(3), 244-258, 2016

    The Agricultural Economics Society of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007406008
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00200867
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-3234
  • NDL Article ID
    027839015
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-385
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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